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The aim was to quantify tau protein and beta-amyloid (Abeta42) in the CSF of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and controls. Double sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used for measurements. Tau was increased 58-fold in CJD and 3.5-fold in AD compared with controls, whereas Abeta42 was(More)
The aim of this study was to examine differences between experts and novices in a number of perceptual abilities. Three groups of elite athletes, 44 members of Greek national teams in basketball (n = 12), volleyball (n = 13), and water-polo (n = 19) were selected. Two groups of physical education students (ns = 18 and 21) were novices. The measured(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that immunological factors may be involved in pathogenic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interleukin (IL)-15 and IL-12 are proinflammatory cytokines produced by activated blood and glial cells. They promote T cell differentiation and proliferation. PATIENTS AND METHODS We measured by ELISA serum and(More)
UNLABELLED Immunological disturbances have been implicated in the pathogenesis of some neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Adhesion molecules are markers of activated endothelial cells upregulated by action of cytokines. MATERIALS AND METHODS To investigate the activation or not of the(More)
Serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (s-ICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (s-ELAM-1) were evaluated in 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 54 patients with noninflammatory neurological diseases (NIND), and 15 control subjects. Patients with AD had a higher s-ICAM-1 level compared with the NIND patients and the control subjects (P< .001 and P<(More)
Axonal damage is now being recognized as a common finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and a cause of irreversible neurological damage. Attempts to identify markers of early axonal damage are of great significance. This prompted us to examine the microtubule-associated protein tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS vs. controls. Tau(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that immunological factors may involved in pathogenetic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Th17 cells are characterized by predominant production of IL-17 and are suggested to be crucial in destructive autoimmunity. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) appears to play a supporting role in the continued stimulation and survival(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of leg kick on the pattern, the orientation and the propulsive forces produced by the hand, the efficiency of the arm stroke, the trunk inclination, the inter-arm coordination and the intra-cyclic horizontal velocity variation of the hip in sprint front crawl swimming. Nine female swimmers swam two maximal(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the contextual interference effect on learning three volleyball skills. Participants were 26 novice female volleyball players (M age= 12.4 yr., SD= 1.2). They were assigned into two groups, Low Interference (n = 13) and High Interference (n = 13). Two practice schedules were used: blocked (Low Interference) and random(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week resistance-training program on muscle strength and mass in older adults. Thirty-three inactive participants (60-74 years old) were assigned to 1 of 3 groups: high-resistance training (HT), moderate-resistance training (MT), and control. After the training period, both HT and MT(More)