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The aim was to quantify tau protein and-amyloid (A42) in the CSF of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and controls. Double sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used for measurments. Tau was increased 58-fold in CJD and 3.5-fold in AD compared with controls, whereas A42 was decreased(More)
Axonal damage is now being recognized as a common finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and a cause of irreversible neurological damage. Attempts to identify markers of early axonal damage are of great significance. This prompted us to examine the microtubule-associated protein tau in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS vs. controls. Tau(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Weight-bearing exercise during growth exerts positive effects on the skeleton. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that long-term elite rhythmic gymnastics exerts positive effects on volumetric bone mineral density and geometry and to determine whether exercise-induced bone adaptation is associated with increased periosteal bone(More)
The aim was to quantify tau protein and beta-amyloid (Abeta42) in the CSF of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and controls. Double sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used for measurements. Tau was increased 58-fold in CJD and 3.5-fold in AD compared with controls, whereas Abeta42 was(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that immunological factors may be involved in pathogenic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interleukin (IL)-15 and IL-12 are proinflammatory cytokines produced by activated blood and glial cells. They promote T cell differentiation and proliferation. PATIENTS AND METHODS We measured by ELISA serum and(More)
IL-6 acts on target cells via the ligand-binding protein interleukin-6 receptor (IL-6R) and the affinity-converting and signal-transducing glycoprotein 130 (gp130). Soluble interleukin-6 receptor (sIL-6R) has an agonistic role because the soluble complex (IL-6/sIL-6R) can activate cells that do not express IL-6R and an antagonistic role as it enhances the(More)
UNLABELLED Immunological disturbances have been implicated in the pathogenesis of some neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Adhesion molecules are markers of activated endothelial cells upregulated by action of cytokines. MATERIALS AND METHODS To investigate the activation or not of the(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that immunological factors may involved in pathogenetic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Th17 cells are characterized by predominant production of IL-17 and are suggested to be crucial in destructive autoimmunity. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) appears to play a supporting role in the continued stimulation and survival(More)
We present two patients with demyelinating disease meeting the diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis. Both patients had IgG lambda monoclonal gammopathy in serum and cerebrospinal fluid associated with intrathecal antibody synthesis. This association is very unusual and it is not certain whether the co-occurrence of these disorders might be the result(More)
Serum soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (s-ICAM-1) and soluble E-selectin (s-ELAM-1) were evaluated in 25 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 54 patients with noninflammatory neurological diseases (NIND), and 15 control subjects. Patients with AD had a higher s-ICAM-1 level compared with the NIND patients and the control subjects (P< .001 and P<(More)