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Drug therapy is the mainstay of antimalarial therapy, yet current drugs are threatened by the development of resistance. In an effort to identify new potential antimalarials, we have undertaken a lead optimization program around our previously identified triazolopyrimidine-based series of Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH)… (More)
Malaria persists as one of the most devastating global infectious diseases. The pyrimidine biosynthetic enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) has been identified as a new malaria drug target, and a triazolopyrimidine-based DHODH inhibitor 1 (DSM265) is in clinical development. We sought to identify compounds with higher potency against Plasmodium… (More)
A review of the design and synthesis of structural analogs of the vitamin D hormone recently investigated in our laboratories, and the first report on a new class of vitamin D analogs characterized by an aromatic D-ring, is described.
Falcipain-2 and falcipain-3 are papain-family cysteine proteases of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum that are responsible for host hemoglobin hydrolysis to provide amino acids for parasite protein synthesis. Different heteroarylnitrile derivatives were studied as potential falcipain inhibitors and therefore potential antiparasitic lead compounds,… (More)
Falcipains are Plasmodium falciparum cysteine proteases involved in different processes of the erythrocytic cycle of the malaria parasite like hydrolysis of host hemoglobin, erythrocyte invasion, and erythrocyte rupture. These proteases constitute promising targets in the search for novel therapies that would ease the burden caused by the increasing… (More)
We evaluated the potential for avian-to-human transmission of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) and highly path-ogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H7N1 and LPAI H7N3 viruses that were responsible for several outbreaks of influenza in poultry in Italy between 1999 and 2003. A serological survey of poultry workers was conducted by use of a combination of… (More)
[reaction: see text] We report the ligand-free palladium catalysis of the Suzuki reaction in water using microwave heating. Our methodology uses low palladium loadings (0.4 mol %), is fast (5-10 min reaction time), and is useful for couplings involving boronic acids and aryl iodides, bromides, and chlorides.
[reaction: see text] We report here our observation that, using appropriate reaction conditions, the Sonogashira reaction can be performed without the need for transition-metal catalysts. Our approach involves the use of water as a solvent, poly(ethylene glycol) as a phase-transfer agent, and sodium hydroxide as a base. The methodology works, to differing… (More)
The goals of this study are the preliminary Spanish adaptation and validation of the following questionnaires: the Children's Eating Attitudes Test (ChEAT), the Lawrence Self-Esteem Questionnaire (LAWSEQ) and the Body Esteem Scale (BES). In addition, we studied bodily self-esteem in pre-adolescent children, and their possible relation to certain eating… (More)