Maria M Sokołowska

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BACKGROUND Uremia is accompanied by the elevated nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, and it has not yet been established how this influences the levels of nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds (NPSH) and formation of S-nitrosothiols (SNT). METHODS Our study was designed to determine plasma levels of SNT and NPSH in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients, who were(More)
Depletion of glutathione (GSH), nitrosative stress and chronic intoxication with some neurotoxins have been postulated to play a major role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. This study aimed to examine the effects of acute and chronic treatments with 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (TIQ), an endo-/exogenous substance suspected of producing(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate nitroglycerin (NTG) bioactivation pathways in the liver after various periods of its administration. We also attempted to elucidate the relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and S-nitrosothiol (SNT) levels, and concentration of nonprotein thiols (NPSH) and intensity of peroxidative processes. Intravenous(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) patients have an increased plasma level of urea, which can be a source of cyanate. This compound can cause protein carbamoylation thereby changing biological activity of proteins. Therefore, in renal failure patients, cyanate can disturb metabolism and functioning of the liver. This work presents studies demonstrating that the(More)
Cyanate and its active form isocyanate are formed mainly in the process of nonenzymatic urea biodegradation. Cyanate is capable of protein S- and N-carbamoylation, which can affect their activity. The present studies aimed to demonstrate the effect of cyanate on activity of the enzymes implicated in anaerobic cysteine metabolism and cyanide detoxification(More)
The present work was aimed to obtain information about age-dependent changes of gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity and the levels of non-protein sulfhydryl compounds (NPSH) in rat kidneys. In addition, protein-bound cysteine (PB-Cys), sulfane sulfur compounds and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were estimated. The results indicate that the activity of(More)
Rhodanese (EC 2.8.1.1.) from bovine liver contains four reduced cysteine groups. The -SH group of cysteine 247, located in a rhodanese active centre, transfers sulfane sulfur in a form of hydrosulfide (-S-SH) from appropriate donors to nucleophilic acceptors. We aimed to discover whether S-nitrosylation of critical cysteine groups in rhodanese can inhibit(More)
Three-day nitroglycerin (NTG) administration at progressively increasing doses caused a drop in the liver S-nitrosothiol (SNT) and malonyldialdehyde (MDA) concentrations below the control levels. It suggests that NTG administered in this way, exhibits antioxidant activity due to releasing the biologically active SNT and nitric oxide (NO). On the other hand,(More)
Cyanate is formed mostly during nonenzymatic urea biodegradation. Its active form isocyanate reacts with protein –NH2 and –SH groups, which changes their structure and function. The present studies aimed to investigate the effect of cyanate on activity of the enzymes, which possess –SH groups in the active centers and are implicated in anaerobic cysteine(More)
Tumor cells, unlike normal cells, are characterized by trace cystathionase (CST) activity and sulfane sulfur levels. The present studies aimed to established whether cystathionine (CT), a substrate of cystathionase, can selectively influence the thiol-dependent antioxidant power of the kidney and Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT). CT treatment reversed the(More)