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Lung transplant recipients have one of the highest rates of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in solid organ transplantation. We used a single center, nonrandomized, retrospective, sequential study design to evaluate fungal infection rates in lung transplant recipients who were managed with either universal prophylaxis with voriconazole (n = 65) or targeted(More)
RATIONALE Obesity has been linked to acute lung injury and is a risk factor for early mortality after lung transplantation. OBJECTIVES To examine the associations of obesity and plasma adipokines with the risk of primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. METHODS We performed a prospective cohort study of 512 adult lung transplant recipients(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used occasionally as a bridge to lung transplantation. The impact on mid-term survival is unknown. We analyzed outcomes after lung transplant over a 19-year period in patients who received ECMO support. METHODS From March 1991 to October 2010, 1,305 lung transplants were performed at our(More)
BACKGROUND When selecting a donor for lung transplantation, it is generally believed that the best outcomes occur when the donor has no smoking history. Because we experienced unexpected adverse outcomes after transplant of lungs from teenaged donors with no smoking history, this study revisited the effects of donor smoking history in relation to age on(More)
BACKGROUND The development of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody responses has been associated with worse clinical outcomes, such as bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and death, in lung transplant recipients (LTRs). However, the role of donor-specific HLA antibody (DSA) responses as a risk factor for poor outcomes remains controversial. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical utility of Platelia Aspergillus enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for galactomannan (GM) antigen detection in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in lung transplant recipients is not known. METHODS BAL fluid samples from consecutive lung transplant recipients who underwent bronchoscopy were(More)
BACKGROUND Early diagnosis and treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) improves outcome. METHODS We compared the performance of publicly available pan-Aspergillus, Aspergillus fumigatus-, and Aspergillus terreus-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays with the Platelia galactomannan (GM) assay in 150 bronchoalveolar lavage(More)
Fifty-six serum posaconazole trough levels were measured in 17 cardiothoracic transplant recipients. Initial levels were ≤ 0.5, 0.51 to 0.99, and ≥ 1 μg/ml for 47, 29, and 24% of patients, respectively. Median trough levels associated with therapeutic success were higher than those associated with failure (1.55 versus 0.34 μg/ml; P = 0.006). Patients with(More)
RATIONALE Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the main cause of early morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. Previous studies have yielded conflicting results for PGD risk factors. OBJECTIVES We sought to identify donor, recipient, and perioperative risk factors for PGD. METHODS We performed a 10-center prospective cohort study enrolled(More)
BACKGROUND Lung transplants, in particular, have the highest rate of infections among solid organ transplant recipients. However, there is no existing objective measure to predict the development of infections. We report the correlation between Cylex ImmuKnow (ng/mL ATP) values and various infectious syndromes in a large prospective cohort of lung(More)