Learn More
The bovine papillomavirus genome contains two cis-acting sequences which can serve as signals for replication. At least three virally encoded genes seem to be involved in plasmid replication: E6, E6/7 and E1. Mutations in either the E6 or the E7 open reading frame create plasmids that are maintained at a low copy number per cell. Mutations in the E1 open(More)
The replication of bovine papilloma virus (BPV) DNA in vivo requires two viral-encoded proteins, E1 and E2, while all other proteins are derived from the host. We described previously the isolation of the E1 protein and showed that it contains multiple functions required for BPV DNA replication. The BPV transcription factor E2 was shown by others to(More)
Chemical and enzymatic probing techniques were used to examine the interaction of the bovine papillomavirus type 1 E1 and E2 proteins with the viral origin of replication (ori). E1 was found to generate significant distortions to the structure of ori, as assayed by KMnO4 oxidation of DNA. The primary site of ori distortion was located within and adjacent to(More)
Initiation of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) DNA synthesis in vivo and in vitro depends on the interaction of the viral initiator protein E1 with the replication origin (ori+ DNA). The viral E2 protein assists this interaction, resulting in a cooperative assembly of both proteins on the replication origin. Using gel mobility-shift experiments, we demonstrate(More)
Using quantitative gel retardation assays the properties of the bovine papilloma virus (BPV) origin recognition protein E1 and the effect of the viral E2 protein on the binding of E1 to BPV origin DNA were examined. As reported previously (Seo, Y.S., Mueller, F., Lusky, M., Gibbs, E., Kim, H.-Y., Phillips, B. and J. Hurwitz (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.(More)
In our hybrid-plasmid reconstruction analysis of lambda (lambdoid) DNA signal structures involved in phage DNA replication, we have detected a dual system alternatingly able to initiate a first primer-RNA synthesis. Both of them--the major, primase-dependent ori system and the minor and usually suppressed, RNA-polymerase-dependent oop system--act in(More)
Bovine papilloma virus (BPV) contains a cis-acting DNA element which can enhance transcription of distal promoters. Utilizing both direct and indirect transient transfection assays, we showed that a 59-base-pair DNA sequence from the BPV genome could activate the simian virus 40 promoter from distances exceeding 2.5 kilobases and in an(More)
Bovine Papilloma Virus (BPV-1) establishes itself as a multicopy nuclear plasmid in somatic mammalian cells in culture. We report here that two discontinuous regions within the viral genome can independently support extrachromosomal replication of the Tn5 neomycinr gene in cells that provide viral factors in trans. The viral plasmid maintenance sequences(More)