Maria Luisa Visciano

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We have previously developed HIV-1 Pr55gag-based virus-like particles (HIV-VLPs) as presentation and delivery model using a transient Baculovirus expression system. Here we describe the establishment and characterization of stably transfected insect cell line for the constitutive and reproducible production of HIV-VLPs. The persistence of HIV gag coding(More)
Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) represent an efficient strategy to present and deliver conformational antigens to the immune system, inducing both arms of the adaptive immune response. Moreover, their particulate structure surrounded by cell membrane provides an adjuvanted effect to VLP-based immunizations. In the present study, the elicitation of different(More)
The binding of antibodies to the CD4-binding site (CD4bs) of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp120 has been shown to induce gp120 to undergo conformational changes that can expose and/or shield specific epitopes on gp120. Here, we study alterations in the antigenicity and immunogenicity of gp120 when complexed with human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs)(More)
We have previously described the establishment and characterization of a stably transfected insect cell line for the constitutive and efficient expression of Pr55 HIV Gag proteins, which auto-assemble into enveloped Virus-Like Particles (VLPs) released into the cell culture supernatant. Such HIV-Gag VLPs have been shown to elicit a specific systemic humoral(More)
We have recently developed a candidate human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine model, based on virus-like particles (VLPs) expressing gp120 from a Ugandan HIV-1 isolate of clade A (HIV-VLP(A)s), which shows the induction of neutralizing antibodies as well as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in BALB/c mice by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration.(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected T cells form a virological synapse with noninfected CD4(+) T cells in order to efficiently transfer HIV-1 virions from cell to cell. The virological synapse is a specialized cellular junction that is similar in some respects to the immunological synapse involved in T-cell activation and effector functions(More)
The capacity of immune complexes to augment antibody (Ab) responses is well established. The enhancing effects of immune complexes have been attributed mainly to Fc-mediated adjuvant activity, while the ability of Abs to induce antigenic alterations of specific epitopes as a result of immune complex formation has been less well studied. Previously we have(More)
There are formidable challenges in developing HIV vaccines that elicit potent neutralizing antibodies against a broad array of HIV-1 isolates. The key targets for these neutralizing antibodies are the viral envelope antigens gp120 and gp41. Although broadly reactive neutralizing epitopes on gp120 and gp41 have been mapped and studied extensively, these(More)
We have recently developed a candidate HIV-1 vaccine based on virus-like particles (VLPs) expressing a gp120 from an Ugandan HIV-1 isolate of the clade A (HIV-VLP(A)s). In vivo immunogenicity experiments were performed in Balb/c mice, with an immunization schedule based on a multiple-dose regimen of HIV-VLP(A)s without adjuvants, showing a significant(More)
Virus-like particles (VLPs) hold great promise for the development of effective and affordable vaccines. VLPs, indeed, are suitable for presentation and efficient delivery to antigen-presenting cells of linear as well as conformational antigens. This will ultimately result in a crosspresentation with both MHC class I and II molecules to prime CD4(+)(More)