Maria Luisa Carcangiu

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beta-catenin has a role in cell adhesion and Wnt signaling. It is mutated or otherwise dysregulated in a variety of human cancers. In this study we assess beta-catenin alteration in 145 thyroid tumors samples from 127 patients. beta-catenin was localized using immunofluorescence and mutational analysis was performed by single-strand conformational(More)
PURPOSE ras oncogenic activation has long been demonstrated in thyroid carcinomas of follicular cell derivation, but no consistent relationship has been shown between mutations and clinicopathologic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed H-, K-, and N-ras mutations by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism followed by DNA(More)
A clinicopathologic study of 241 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma treated at the University of Florence Medical School, Florence, Italy is presented. The features of greatest prognostic value were patient's age at presentation, small tumor size, total encapsulation, extrathyroid extension, multicentricity, and presence of distant metastases. The(More)
Seventy cases of anaplastic thyroid carcinomas studied at the Universities of Florence (Italy) and Minnesota are presented. Three morphologic patterns were seen: spindle, giant cell, and squamoid, sometimes in combination. Ultrastructurally, evidence of epithelial differentiation was seen in most but not all cases studied. Immunohistochemically, a stain for(More)
Twenty-five cases of a distinctive type of thyroid carcinoma are presented. The key microscopic features are: formation of solid clusters ("insulae") of tumor cells containing a variable number of small follicles; small size and uniformity of the tumor cells; variable, but consistently present mitotic activity; capsular and blood vessel invasion; and(More)
Malignant tumors of the thyroid gland vary considerably in aggressiveness, ranging from a well-differentiated, clinically indolent, to an undifferentiated, often lethal phenotype. Undifferentiated (anaplastic) thyroid tumors are supposed to be derived, through a process of progression, from previously differentiated neoplasms. A common genetic alteration in(More)
Primary malignant melanoma (MM) of the uterine cervix is an extremely rare neoplasm, with about 78 cases described in the literature. Since traces of melanocytes in normal cervical epithelium were found in 3.5% of cases primary origin of melanoma at this site cannot be ruled out. It occurs mainly in the sixth decade of life, and it is five time less common(More)
PURPOSE The transcription factor forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) up- or downregulates a large number of genes and has been recently reported to be expressed in tumor cells. We investigated the prognostic importance of FOXP3 expression in patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The expression patterns of FOXP3 were characterized by immunohistochemistry(More)
Genetic abnormalities were assessed in 56 benign, low-, and high-grade ovarian tumors using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and analysis of loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In addition, 95 epithelial tumors were analyzed for microsatellite repeat instability. DNA sequence copy number abnormalities (CNAs) were not detected in the benign tumors, and more(More)
Beta-catenin is an ubiquitously expressed cytoplasmic protein that has a crucial role in both E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and as a downstream signaling molecule in the wingless pathway. Stabilization of beta-catenin followed by nuclear translocation and subsequent T-cell factor/lymphoid-enhancing factor-mediated transcriptional activation has(More)