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Primary malignant melanoma (MM) of the uterine cervix is an extremely rare neoplasm, with about 78 cases described in the literature. Since traces of melanocytes in normal cervical epithelium were found in 3.5% of cases primary origin of melanoma at this site cannot be ruled out. It occurs mainly in the sixth decade of life, and it is five time less common(More)
PURPOSE ras oncogenic activation has long been demonstrated in thyroid carcinomas of follicular cell derivation, but no consistent relationship has been shown between mutations and clinicopathologic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed H-, K-, and N-ras mutations by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism followed by DNA(More)
The development of cancer is a cellular process that reflects and is partly driven by alterations in cell determination. Mutations in various molecules responsible for cell determination have been identified as being oncogenic, but little is known about the involvement of normal cell fate-determining mechanisms in the oncogenic process. The Notch pathway(More)
A clinicopathologic study of 241 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma treated at the University of Florence Medical School, Florence, Italy is presented. The features of greatest prognostic value were patient's age at presentation, small tumor size, total encapsulation, extrathyroid extension, multicentricity, and presence of distant metastases. The(More)
Seventy cases of anaplastic thyroid carcinomas studied at the Universities of Florence (Italy) and Minnesota are presented. Three morphologic patterns were seen: spindle, giant cell, and squamoid, sometimes in combination. Ultrastructurally, evidence of epithelial differentiation was seen in most but not all cases studied. Immunohistochemically, a stain for(More)
Although in endometrioid type endometrial carcinoma depth of invasion is a powerful predictor of extrauterine disease and survival, in serous carcinoma its importance is unclear. Recurrences and death in patients with serous tumors confined to the endometrium or an endometrial polyp have been reported. In other studies, however, the absence of myometrial(More)
Malignant tumors of the thyroid gland vary considerably in aggressiveness, ranging from a well-differentiated, clinically indolent, to an undifferentiated, often lethal phenotype. Undifferentiated (anaplastic) thyroid tumors are supposed to be derived, through a process of progression, from previously differentiated neoplasms. A common genetic alteration in(More)
Genetic abnormalities were assessed in 56 benign, low-, and high-grade ovarian tumors using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and analysis of loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In addition, 95 epithelial tumors were analyzed for microsatellite repeat instability. DNA sequence copy number abnormalities (CNAs) were not detected in the benign tumors, and more(More)
beta-catenin has a role in cell adhesion and Wnt signaling. It is mutated or otherwise dysregulated in a variety of human cancers. In this study we assess beta-catenin alteration in 145 thyroid tumors samples from 127 patients. beta-catenin was localized using immunofluorescence and mutational analysis was performed by single-strand conformational(More)
Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is a neoplastic proliferation of intermediate trophoblasts that invades the myometrium at the placental site after a pregnancy. Less than 100 cases have been reported. Information of the sex assignment of the antecedent gestation is available in 21 cases: 18 of these were female. To explore this interesting(More)