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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection is characterized by loss of CD4+ T cells associated with high levels of immune activation, T-cell proliferation, and lymphocyte apoptosis. To investigate the role of intrinsic perturbations of cell-cycle control in the immunopathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), we studied the expression of(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthropathy associated with skin and/or nail psoriasis. TNF-α is an essential cytokine for the host defense, and its depletion by treatment may facilitate the risk of infections or their reactivation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TNF-α blockers in patients with PsA and(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known on right ventricular (RV) involvement in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). This study aimed at evaluating early RV dysfunction by standard and advanced echocardiography in OSA. METHODS Fifty-nine OSA patients without heart failure and 29 age-matched controls underwent standard, speckle tracking and real time 3D echocardiography of(More)
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