Maria Luisa Balestrieri

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C rucial advances in our understanding of basic pathogenic mechanisms involved in atherogenesis have been achieved during the past 2 decades. The historical hypothesis of pathogenesis (" lipid accumulation ") has evolved to integrate several causal events contributing to the initiation and evolution of atherosclerosis. Vascular inflammation and apo-ptosis(More)
N(G),N(G)-dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA) and N(G)-methyl-L-arginine (NMMA) are endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). In contrast, N(G),N'(G)-dimethyl-L-arginine (SDMA) possesses only a weak inhibitory potency towards neuronal NOS and it is known to limit nitric oxide (NO) production by competing with L-arginine for cellular uptake. The(More)
Glioblastomas are highly aggressive adult brain tumors with poor clinical outcome. In the central nervous system (CNS) the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the most important limiting factor for both development of new drugs and drug delivery. Here, we propose a new strategy to treat glioblastoma based on transferrin (Tf)-targeted self-assembled nanoparticles(More)
Chemokines, originally discovered as mediators of directional migration of immune cells to sites of inflammation and injury, have a function beyond their role in leukocyte chemotaxis. Indeed, they participate in organ development, angiogenesis, tumourigenesis and, more importantly, in the immune response. The chemokine family characterized by four highly(More)
†Contributed equally to this study Running title: Endothelial progenitor cell isolation: a methodologic comparison. ABSTRACT Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a role in endogenous neovascularization of ischemic tissues. Isolation and characterization of EPCs from circulating mononuclear cells is important for developing targeted cellular therapies(More)
The role of sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) in atherosclerotic progression of diabetic patients is unknown. We evaluated SIRT6 expression and the effect of incretin-based therapies in carotid plaques of asymptomatic diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Plaques were obtained from 52 type 2 diabetic and 30 nondiabetic patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Twenty-two(More)
Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPCs), a minor subpopulation of the mononuclear cell fraction in peripheral blood, play a critical role in cancer development as they contribute to angiogenesis-mediated pathological neovascularization. In response to tumor cytokines, including VEGF, EPCs mobilize from the bone marrow into the peripheral circulation and move to(More)
Seven new 15-keto pregnane glycosides, namely Stemmosides E--K, were isolated from Solenostemma argel. Stemmosides E--J are characterized by the occurrence of an uncommon 14 beta proton configuration while stemmosides E and F possess in addition a rare enolic function in C-16. On the other hand, stemmosides G-J display an unusual C-17 alpha side chain.(More)
Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) is a member of the sirtuin family NAD+-dependent deacetylases with multiple roles in controlling organism homeostasis, lifespan, and diseases. Due to its complex and opposite functional roles, this sirtuin is considered a two-edged sword in health and disease. Indeed, SIRT6 improves longevity, similarly to the founding yeast member, silent(More)
N(ε)-trimethyllysine (TML) is a non-protein amino acid which takes part in the biosynthesis of carnitine. In mammals, the breakdown of endogenous proteins containing TML residues is recognized as starting point for the carnitine biosynthesis. Here, we document that one of the main sources of TML could be the vegetables which represent an important part of(More)