Maria Luísa Mateus

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Chronic, excessive exposure to manganese (Mn) may induce neurotoxicity and cause an irreversible brain disease, referred to as manganism. Efficacious therapies for the treatment of Mn are lacking, mandating the development of new interventions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of ebselen (Ebs) and para-aminosalicylic acid(More)
The increasing exposure of human populations to excessive levels of metals continues to represent a matter of public health concern. Several biomarkers have been studied and proposed for the detection of adverse health effects induced by lead (Pb), arsenic (As), and manganese (Mn); however, these studies have relied on exposures to each single metal, which(More)
Lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and manganese (Mn) are neurotoxic elements that often occur in mixtures for which practically no information is available on biomarkers (BMs) for the evaluation of exposure/effects. Exposures to these metals may increase delta-aminolevulinic acid (delta-ALA), which in itself may potentiate neurotoxicity. The objective of this study(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) of potential populations at risk living in Portugal. To ascertain youth exposure, a questionnaire was distributed to 300 students of a middle secondary school in Sesimbra and to 429 students studying in Canecas, selected as the control population. The average number of fish meals(More)
Manganese (Mn) can cause manganism, a neurological disorder similar to Parkinson' Disease (PD). The neurobehavioral and neuroinflammatory end-points in the Mn post exposure period have not been studied yet. Rats were injected on alternate days with 8 doses of MnCl2 (25mg/kg) or saline, then euthanized 1, 10, 30 or 70 days following the last dose.(More)
The interference of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) neurotoxicity was evaluated through behavioral assays and the analysis of urinary 2,5-HD, dimethylpyrrole norleucine (DMPN), and cysteine-pyrrole conjugate (DMPN NAC), by ESI-LC-MS/MS, in rats exposed to 2,5-HD and co-exposed to 2,5-HD and NAC. Wistar rats were treated with 4 doses of:(More)
Dipeptide esters of paracetamol were prepared in high yields. These compounds are quantitatively hydrolyzed to paracetamol and corresponding 2,5-diketopiperazines at pH 7.4 and 37 degrees C. The reactivity is increased in sarcosine and proline peptides and decreased by bulky side chains at both the N- and C-terminal residues of the dipeptide carrier.(More)
The neurotoxic metals lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and manganese (Mn) are ubiquitous contaminants occurring as mixtures in environmental settings. The three metals may interfere with enzymes of the heme bioshyntetic pathway, leading to excessive porphyrin accumulation, which per se may trigger neurotoxicity. Given the multi-mechanisms associated with metal(More)
Risk prevention of human exposure against n-hexane neurotoxicity is relevant towards the protective measures to be proposed in occupational toxicology. Metabolic studies have identified 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) as the main neurotoxic metabolite of n-hexane, which reacts with amino groups of lysine in axonal neurofilaments forming 2,5-dimethylpyrrole(More)
The present study was conducted to clarify the interference of selenomethionine (SeMet) on methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity through the evaluation of changes in biomarkers of exposure and effect in rats exposed to MeHg and co-exposed to MeHg and SeMet. Male Wistar rats received two intraperitoneally (i.p.) administrations, either MeHg (1.5mg/kg body weight),(More)