Maria Lorenza Muiesan

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OBJECTIVE The time course of programmed cell death (apoptosis) in the vasculature of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) is still unclear. Moreover, no data are presently available about the possible inter-relationships between apoptosis and vascular remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate the mesenteric small resistance arteries and large(More)
We evaluated the effects on cardiovascular structure of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril and of the angiotensin II receptor blocker losartan, administered either at hypotensive or nonhypotensive dosage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). SHR were treated from ages 4 to 12 weeks with low-dose (1 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1))(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that the D allele of an insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene is associated with conditions of increased cardiovascular risk, including left ventricular hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS Considering that a genetically determined overactivity of the renin-angiotensin system(More)
Left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry predict risk for cardiovascular events in hypertension. Regression of LV hypertrophy (LVH) may imply an important prognostic significance. The relation between changes in LV geometry during antihypertensive treatment and subsequent prognosis has not yet been determined. A total of 436 prospectively identified(More)
Previous studies suggest that variants of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) may differently affect functional responses to adrenergic stimulation, thereby possibly modulating cardiovascular and metabolic phenotypes. We examined the hypothesis that G/R16 and Q/E27 polymorphism of ADRB2, or their haplotypes, may modulate blood pressure, cardiovascular(More)
It was previously observed that a significant regression of structural alterations and endothelial dysfunction in mesenteric small arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) may be obtained after therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. It is not clear whether angiotensin II-type 1 receptor blockers may share this properties. We(More)
BACKGROUND It is not presently known whether non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is associated with the presence of structural alterations in small arteries or whether the combination of hypertension and NIDDM may have an additive effect on endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, we investigated subcutaneous small arteries in 12 normotensive(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of structural alterations in the microcirculation may be considered an important mechanism of organ damage; however, it is not currently known whether structural alterations of small arteries may predict fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty-eight patients were included in the present(More)