Maria Letizia Barreca

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Design, synthesis and anti-HIV activity of a series of 2,3-diaryl-1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones are reported. Some derivatives proved to be highly effective in inhibiting HIV-1 replication at nanomolar concentrations thereby acting as non-nucleoside HIV-1 RT inhibitors (NNRTIs). SAR studies evidenced that the nature of the substituents at the 2 and 3 positions of(More)
Stably suppressed viremia during ART is essential for establishing reliable simian models for HIV/AIDS. We tested the efficacy of a multidrug ART (highly intensified ART) in a wide range of viremic conditions (10³-10⁷) viral RNA copies/mL) in SIVmac251-infected rhesus macaques, and its impact on the viral reservoir. Eleven macaques in the pre-AIDS stage of(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) is an essential enzyme in the life cycle of the virus and is an attractive target for the development of new drugs useful in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome multidrug therapy. Starting from the crystal structure of the 5CITEP inhibitor bound to the active site in the catalytic domain of the(More)
The feline AIDS model for HIV-1 treatment failed in the 1990s, due to structural features resembling protease inhibitor (PI) resistant HIV-1 variants. Widespread drug-resistance to PIs now invokes the possibility of rescuing feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) as a model for PI treatment. We here analyzed susceptibility of FIV to second generation PIs,(More)
Interest in the inhibitors of type-B monoamine oxidase has grown in recent years, due to the evidence for multiple roles of one such agent (selegiline) in the pharmacological management of neurodegenerative disorders. A set of 130 reversible and selective inhibitors of MAO-B (including tetrazole, oxadiazolone, and oxadiazinone derivatives) were taken from(More)
The synthesis and pharmacological activity of 5-arylidene-2-imino-4-thiazolidinones (3a-8a) are described. All derivatives exhibited significant activity levels in models of acute inflammation such as carrageenan-induced paw and pleurisy edema in rats. In particular, 5-(3-methoxyphenylidene)-2-phenylimino-3-propyl-4-thiazolidinone (3a) displayed high levels(More)
Overexpression of efflux pumps is an important mechanism by which bacteria evade the effects of antimicrobial agents that are substrates. NorA is a Staphylococcus aureus efflux pump that confers reduced susceptibility to many structurally unrelated agents, including fluoroquinolones, biocides, and dyes, resulting in a multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotype. In(More)
Starting from 1H,3H-thiazolo[3,4-a]benzimidazoles (TBZs), we performed the design, synthesis, and the structure-activity relationship studies of a series of 2,3-diaryl-1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones. Some derivatives proved to be highly effective in inhibiting HIV-1 replication at nanomolar concentrations with minimal cytotoxicity, thereby acting as nonnucleoside(More)
AIMS OF THE STUDY 1. To evaluate the feasibility and appropriateness of transverse right minilaparotomy for right colectomy and lymphadenectomy. 2. To identify the clinical advantages, if any, of this access route compared to the more traditional midline incision. PATIENTS 44 patients with right colon adenocarcinoma undergoing colonic resection via a(More)
The crystal structure of Tn5 transposase-DNA complex was used in docking experiments to predict binding modes of HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs). In fact, the identification of HIV-1 integrase inhibitors from an in vitro screen using Tn5 transposase as the target has been recently reported. Our results suggest the utility of this protein(More)