Maria Leonor Cancela

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Zebrafish lacking functional sox10 have defects in non-ectomesenchymal neural crest derivatives including the enteric nervous system (ENS) and as such provide an animal model for human Waardenburg Syndrome IV. Here, we characterize zebrafish phox2b as a functionally conserved marker of the developing ENS. We show that morpholino-mediated knockdown of Phox2b(More)
Bone Gla protein (Bgp or osteocalcin) and matrix Gla protein (Mgp) are important in calcium metabolism and skeletal development, but their precise roles at the molecular level remain poorly understood. Here, we compare the tissue distribution and accumulation of Bgp and Mgp during larval development and in adult tissues of zebrafish (Danio rerio) and(More)
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) belongs to the family of vitamin K-dependent, Gla-containing proteins, and in mammals, birds, and Xenopus, its mRNA was previously detected in extracts of bone, cartilage, and soft tissues (mainly heart and kidney), whereas the protein was found to accumulate mainly in bone. However, at that time, it was not evaluated if this(More)
The origin of cells that generate the blastema following appendage amputation has been a long-standing question in epimorphic regeneration studies. The blastema is thought to originate from either stem (or progenitor) cells or differentiated cells of various tissues that undergo dedifferentiation. Here, we investigate the origin of cells that contribute to(More)
Bone Gla protein (BGP, Osteocalcin) is a bone-specific vitamin K-dependent protein which has been intensively studied in mammals. Although BGP is the most abundant non-collagenous protein of bone, its mode of action at the molecular level remains unclear. From an evolutionary point of view, the appearance of BGP seems to parallel the appearance of(More)
We have developed a procedure for staining cartilage and bone in fish larvae as small as 2 mm (notochord length), for which standard alcian blue/alizarin red procedures did not give positive and/or consistent results. Small calcified structures only 100-200 microns in length can be clearly visualized. The method is suitable for both ontogenic studies during(More)
Spliced variants of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), a small peptide with a critical role in metabolism and growth, have been identified in various vertebrate species. However, despite recent functional data in mammalian systems suggesting specific roles (e.g. in muscle formation) for their pro-peptides and/or E domains, their function remains unclear.(More)
A novel full-length cDNA that encodes for the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) PepT1-type oligopeptide transporter has been cloned. This cDNA (named codPepT1) was 2,838 bp long, with an open reading frame of 2,190 bp encoding a putative protein of 729 amino acids. Comparison of the predicted Atlantic cod PepT1 protein with zebrafish, bird and mammalian(More)
We report the isolation of a novel vitamin K-dependent protein from the calcified cartilage of Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser nacarii). This 10.2-kDa secreted protein contains 16 gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) residues in its 74-residue sequence, the highest Gla percent of any known protein, and we have therefore termed it Gla-rich protein (GRP). GRP has a(More)
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is a member of the family of extracellular mineral-binding Gla proteins, expressed in several tissues with high accumulation in bone and cartilage. Although the precise molecular mechanism of action of this protein remains unknown, all available evidence indicates that MGP plays a role as an inhibitor of mineralization. We(More)