Maria Leite-de-moraes

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Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice may be favored by immune dysregulation leading to the hyporesponsiveness of regulatory T cells and activation of effector T-helper type 1 (Th1) cells. The immunoregulatory activity of natural killer T (NKT) cells is well documented, and both interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 secreted by NKT cells have(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are an important source of both T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cytokines, through which they can exert beneficial, as well as deleterious, effects in a variety of inflammatory diseases. This functional heterogeneity raises the question of how far phenotypically distinct subpopulations are responsible for such(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells constitute a subpopulation of T cells that recognize glycolipids presented by CD1d molecules. They are characterized by their prompt production of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), which enables them to modulate diverse immune responses. Recently, we enlarged this concept by identifying a distinct(More)
Regulatory T cells (T reg cells) constitute a population of CD4(+) T cells that limits immune responses. The transcription factor Foxp3 is important for determining the development and function of T reg cells; however, the molecular mechanisms that trigger and maintain its expression remain incompletely understood. In this study, we show that mice deficient(More)
LPS stimulated B-1 cell polyclonal in vivo IgM responses depend on IL-4 release by invariant Valpha14+Jalpha18+ NKT (iNKT) cells. The IgM Abs can recruit effector T cells to mediate contact sensitivity. LPS activates the B-1 cell response just 1 day later, and depends on CD1d, iNKT cells, IL-4, TLR4, and MyD88. LPS in vivo and in vitro stimulates rapid(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating as yet untreatable disease. We demonstrated recently the predominant role of the NLRP3 inflammasome activation and IL-1β expression in the establishment of pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis in mice. METHODS The contribution of IL-23 or IL-17 in pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis was assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Lipids are required for mice sensitization to Ber e 1, Brazil nut major allergen. Here, we characterized different lipid fractions extracted from Brazil nuts and the lipid-binding ability of Ber e 1. Further, we determined their in vivo ability to induce Ber-specific anaphylactic antibodies and the role of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells(More)
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a distinct lineage of innate-like T lymphocytes and converging studies in mouse models have demonstrated the protective role of iNKT cells in the development of type 1 diabetes. Recently, a new subset of iNKT cells, producing high levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-17, has been identified (iNKT17 cells).(More)
NKT cells are a remarkably versatile population whose functional capacities are determined by cytokines present in their microenvironment. In this study, we provide evidence for a new immunoregulatory effect of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 on NKT cells. We found that IL-18, mainly known for its involvement in NK cell activation and in Th 1 immune(More)
NK T lymphocytes are characterized by their ability to promptly generate IL-4 and IFN-gamma upon TCR engagement. Here, we demonstrate that these cells can also be fully activated in the absence of TCR cross-linking in response to the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 associated with IL-12. NK T cells stimulated with IL-18 plus IL-12 proliferated, killed Fas+(More)