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The binding selectivity of the muscarinic antagonist tripitramine has been tested on the five cloned human muscarinic receptor subtypes (Hm1 to Hm5) expressed in chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. The results indicate that tripitramine binds to the muscarinic Hm2 receptor with a Ki value of 0.27 +/- 0.02 nM. Tripitramine distinguishes Hm2 vs. Hm4 by a(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia, clinically characterized by loss of memory and progressive deficits in different cognitive domains. An emerging disease-modifying approach to face the multifactorial nature of AD may be represented by the development of Multi-Target Directed Ligands (MTDLs), i.e., single compounds which may(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial syndrome with several target proteins contributing to its etiology. To confront AD, an innovative strategy is to design single chemical entities able to simultaneously modulate more than one target. Here, we present compounds that inhibit acetylcholinesterase and NMDA receptor activity. Furthermore, these(More)
The multifactorial mechanistic nature of cancer calls for the development of multifunctional therapeutic tools, i.e., single compounds able to interact with multiple altered pathogenetic pathways. Following this rationale, we designed compounds able to irreversibly block epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and to induce apoptosis in tumor cell lines.(More)
Mitochondria-directed antioxidants 2-5 were designed by conjugating curcumin congeners with different polyamine motifs as vehicle tools. The conjugates emerged as efficient antioxidants in mitochondria and fibroblasts and also exerted a protecting role through heme oxygenase-1 activation. Notably, the insertion of a polyamine function into the curcumin-like(More)
The coupling of two different pharmacophores, each endowed with different biological properties, afforded the hybrid compound lipocrine (7), whose biological profile was markedly improved relative to those of prototypes tacrine and lipoic acid. Lipocrine is the first compound that inhibits the catalytic activity of AChE and AChE-induced amyloid-beta(More)
A design strategy to convert a dual-binding site AChE inhibitor into triple functional compounds with promising in vitro profile against multifactorial syndromes, such as Alzheimer's disease, is proposed. The lead compound bis(7)-tacrine (2) was properly modified to confer to the new molecules the ability of chelating metals, involved in the(More)