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Prolonged low-frequency stimulation of excitatory afferents to basolateral amygdala neurons results in enduring enhancement of excitatory synaptic responses. The induction of this form of synaptic plasticity is eliminated by selective antagonists of GluR5 kainate receptors and can be mimicked by the GluR5 agonist ATPA. Kainate receptor-mediated synaptic(More)
The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a collection of related autosomal recessive disorders which are genetically heterogeneous. There are eight human HPS subtypes, characterized by oculocutaneous albinism and platelet storage disease; prolonged bleeding, congenital neutropenia, pulmonary fibrosis, and granulomatous colitis can also occur. HPS is caused(More)
Arsenic-resistant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were established by progressively increasing the concentration of sodium arsenite in culture medium. One of the resistant clones, SA7, was also cross-resistant to As(V), Zn, Fe(II), Co, and Hg. The susceptibilities to sodium arsenite in parental CHO cells, revertant SA7N cells, and resistant SA7 cells were(More)
The mutant human cell line T2 is defective in antigen presentation in the context of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules, and also in that transfected T2 cells show poor surface expression of exogenous human class I (HLA) alleles. Both defects are thought to lie in the transport of antigenic peptides derived from cytosolic proteins into(More)
Intracellular transport and stability of class I MHC glycoproteins depends on the assembly of H chain, beta 2-microglobulin, and peptide. The Ag processing mutant cell lines T2 and RMA-S have defects in peptide loading of class I, resulting in reduced cell surface expression of class I molecules. Expression of class I molecules in the murine cell line RMA-S(More)
Autoantibodies to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors may contribute to chronic hyperexcitability syndromes and neurodegeneration, but their origin is unclear. We examined LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus-infected mice, which manifest excitotoxic brain lesions and hypergammaglobulinemia, for the presence of AMPA-receptor(More)
Whereas resistance to chemotherapy has long impeded effective treatment of metastatic melanoma, the mechanistic basis of this resistance remains unknown. One possible mechanism of drug resistance is alteration of intracellular drug distribution either by drug efflux or sequestration into intracellular organelles. Melanomas, as well as primary melanocytes(More)
Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by pigment dilution and prolonged bleeding time. At least 15 mutant mouse strains have been classified as models of Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. Some of the genes are implicated in intracellular vesicle trafficking: budding, targeting, and secretion. Many of the Hermansky-Pudlak(More)
The trafficking of GLUT4, a facilitative glucose transporter, is examined in transfected CHO cells. In previous work, we expressed GLUT4 in neuroendocrine cells and fibroblasts and found that it was targeted to a population of small vesicles slightly larger than synaptic vesicles (Herman, G.A, F. Bonzelius, A.M. Cieutat, and R.B. Kelly. 1994. Proc. Natl.(More)
IMPORTANCE Effective patient-physician communication is essential for optimal health care. Recent introduction of online patient portals to access test results are changing the communication landscape, but regulatory guidelines for the online release of biopsy results vary from state to state. OBJECTIVES To assess patient preferences for receiving skin(More)