Maria L McClure

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The interaction of activated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of the growth-factor-receptor binding protein Grb2 initiates signaling through Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) [1,2]. Activation of EGFRs by ligand also triggers rapid endocytosis of EGF-receptor complexes. To analyze the(More)
A locus for familial melanoma, MLM, has been mapped within the same interval on chromosome 9p21 as the gene for a putative cell cycle regulator, p16INK4 (CDKN2) MTS1. This gene is homozygously deleted from many tumour cell lines including melanomas, suggesting that CDKN2 is a good candidate for MLM. We have analysed CDKN2 coding sequences in pedigrees(More)
Inherited mutations in the BRCA1 gene are known to confer a predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer. We have first characterized 19 sequence variants in the BRCA1 gene during mutation screening by direct sequencing using DNA samples from breast/ovarian cancer patients or obligate carriers. The frequencies of these sequence variants were then compared(More)
One hundred breast and breast-ovarian cancer families identified at the Helsinki University Central Hospital in southern Finland and previously screened for mutations in the BRCA2 gene were now analyzed for mutations in the BRCA1 gene. The coding region and splice boundaries of BRCA1 were analyzed by protein truncation test (PTT) and heteroduplex analysis(More)
Cerebellar granule neurons depend on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) for their survival. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effects of IGF-I is presently unclear. Here we show that IGF-I protects granule neurons by suppressing key elements of the intrinsic (mitochondrial) death pathway. IGF-I blocked activation of the executioner(More)
OBJECTIVES To report the initial experience of an international group of investigators in identifying mutations in the BRCA1 breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, to assess the spectrum of such mutations in samples from patients with different family histories of cancer, and to determine the frequency of recurrent mutations. DESIGN Nine(More)
CONTEXT A mutation in the BRCA1 gene may confer substantial risk for breast and/or ovarian cancer. However, knowledge regarding all possible mutations and the relationship between risk factors and mutations is incomplete. OBJECTIVES To identify BRCA1 mutations and to determine factors that best predict presence of a deleterious BRCA1 mutation in patients(More)
MTS-1 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 9p21-22, a region frequently observed to have loss of heterozygosity in esophagus squamous cell carcinomas and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas. In order to determine whether MTS-1 sequences are deleted or mutated in cell lines derived from these cancers, we performed PCR amplification of MTS-1 exons(More)
Tumor suppressor gene CDKN2 (also called MTS1, CDK4I and p16INK4) is located in 9p21 and deleted homozygously in a high percentage of tumor cell lines. We have examined the sequence of CDKN2 in 154 tumor cell lines that are not homozygously deleted for CDKN2. Overall, 18% (27/154) of the cell lines carried mutations in CDKN2. These mutations were found in(More)
Neuronal apoptosis contributes to the progression of neurodegenerative disease. Primary cerebellar granule neurons are an established in vitro model for investigating neuronal death. After removal of serum and depolarizing potassium, granule neurons undergo apoptosis via a mechanism that requires intrinsic (mitochondrial) death signals; however, the role of(More)