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OBJECTIVE The clinical long-term effectiveness of real and sham acupuncture treatment on differentiated pain measurement was evaluated in chronic lateral epicondylitis, an example of a tendomyotic disorder. METHODS Randomised, examiner- and patient-blinded controlled clinical study. OUTCOME MEASUREMENT pain at rest, pain on movement, pain on exertion,(More)
We investigated the role of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) on intestinal salt and water absorption, brush border membrane (BBM) morphology, and on the NHE3 mRNA expression, protein abundance, and transport activity in the murine intestine. NHERF1-deficient mice displayed reduced jejunal fluid absorption in vivo, as well as an(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired salt and water absorption is an important feature in the pathogenesis of diarrhea in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We analyzed the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in the infiltrating immune cells and the function and expression of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) and its regulatory PDZ-adaptor proteins NHERF1,(More)
A dysfunction of the Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 3 (NHE3) significantly contributes to the reduced salt absorptive capacity of the inflamed intestine. We previously reported a strong decrease in the NHERF family member PDZK1 (NHERF3), which binds to NHE3 and regulates its function in a mouse model of colitis. The present study investigates whether a causal(More)
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