Maria Lúcia Oliveira de Souza Formigoni

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AIM The concurrent, construct and discriminative validity of the World Health Organization's Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were examined in a multi-site international study. PARTICIPANTS One thousand and 47 participants, recruited from drug treatment (n = 350) and primary health care (PHC) settings (n = 697), were(More)
The effects of chronic ethanol administration were studied in rats receiving amygdaloid kindling. Daily ethanol administration 10 min prior to kindling stimulation delayed acquisition of kindling without affecting the electrical afterdischarge. For the lowest tested dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg), this delay was restricted to kindling stages 1 and 2. For the(More)
The variety of problems related to the so-called hazardous patterns of alcohol use make the latter a prominent public health concern. Screening instruments associated with brief interventions in primary care provide one of the frequently recommended secondary prevention strategies. The objective of this study was to assess the implementation of this(More)
AIMS AND DESIGN A randomized clinical trial was performed to evaluate the influence of two formats of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (individual vs. group) in the treatment of alcohol and/or drug dependent patients. SETTING Public outpatient drug dependence service. PARTICIPANTS One hundred and fifty-five alcohol and/or drug-dependent patients. (More)
AIMS In the last few years, epidemiological studies in Brazil have detected significant increases in the use and abuse of psychoactive drugs by adolescents; however, there is a paucity of data on the factors associated with this use. OBJECTIVES To assess the prevalence of drug use by students from public schools in a Brazilian city and to evaluate the(More)
OBJECTIVES The pattern of use of energy drinks, alone or combined with alcoholic beverages, was evaluated in a criteria sample. METHODS 136 volunteers aged 24 +/- 6 years, who had reported at least one previous use of energy drinks, answered a questionnaire on their pattern of use of energy drinks and alcoholic beverages. RESULTS Most of the sample(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the level of drug dependence in adolescents can be predicted by any of the following factors: the reasons to which the first use or non-use of drugs is attributed, living arrangements, economic situation, family history of alcohol use, or school delay. 213 Brazilian adolescents were classified according(More)
Unsubstantiated reports suggest that the availability and use of crack are increasing in São Paulo. To investigate this claim we used the databases from two outpatient clinics for drug users at a public hospital and examined the changes in the reported routes of administration of cocaine among 245 patients who had attended between 1990 and 1993. The(More)
According to DSM-III-R a positive diagnosis of alcohol dependence requires the presence of at least three of nine symptoms of a core dependence syndrome. In this study the presence of the nine symptoms according to degree of the severity of dependence is examined in 99 patients (mild, n = 23; moderate, n = 26; and severe, n = 50). It is shown that although(More)
The Brazilian translation of the Drug Use Screening Inventory (DUSI) was applied to 213 Brazilian teenagers who were classified according to their alcohol and/or drug dependence level (DSM-III-R) as: 71 nondrug users (Group 1), 71 with light/moderate dependence (Group 2) and 71 with severe dependence (Group 3). The DUSI was applied and the absolute density(More)