Maria Lövenklev

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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is recognized as a rapid, sensitive, and specific molecular diagnostic tool for the analysis of nucleic acids. However, the sensitivity and kinetics of diagnostic PCR may be dramatically reduced when applied directly to biological samples, such as blood and feces, owing to PCR-inhibitory components. As a result, pre-PCR(More)
Protein S (PS) and growth arrest specific factor 6 (GAS6) are vitamin K-dependent proteins with similar structures. They are mosaic proteins possessing a carboxyl-terminal region presenting sequence similarity with plasma sex hormone binding globulin (plasma SHBG), although apparently not involved in steroid binding. The SHBG-like modules have sequence(More)
Carbon dioxide is an antimicrobial gas commonly used in modified atmosphere packaging. In the present study, the effects of carbon dioxide on the growth of and neurotoxin production by nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum type E were studied during the growth cycle. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to(More)
INTRODUCTIONThe use of conventional and real-time PCR is to some extent restricted by the presence of PCR inhibitors. This is particularly so when the techniques are applied directly to complex biological samples such as clinical, environmental, or food samples for the detection of microorganisms. PCR inhibitors can originate from the sample itself, or as a(More)
The effects of carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrite on type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/B) gene (cntB) expression in nonproteolytic Clostridium botulinum were investigated in a tryptone-peptone-yeast extract (TPY) medium. Various concentrations of these selected food preservatives were studied by using a complete factorial design in order to(More)
A quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) method was developed to monitor the relative expression of the type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT/B) gene (cntB) in Clostridium botulinum. The levels of cntB mRNA in five type B strains were accurately monitored by using primers specific for cntB and for the reference gene encoding the 16S rRNA. The patterns(More)
Specific primers for C. botulinum types A and E neurotoxin genes were evaluated both from the literature and of own construction. Furthermore, a real-time system with specific hybridisation probes was designed for C. botulinum type E neurotoxin gene, and is under construction for type A. Sequencing of part of the neurotoxin gene for type E showed some(More)
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