Maria Kontoyianni

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Docking molecules into their respective 3D macromolecular targets is a widely used method for lead optimization. However, the best known docking algorithms often fail to position the ligand in an orientation close to the experimental binding mode. It was reported recently that consensus scoring enhances the hit rates in a virtual screening experiment. This(More)
We present the results of a comprehensive study in which we explored how the docking procedure affects the performance of a virtual screening approach. We used four docking engines and applied 10 scoring functions to the top-ranked docking solutions of seeded databases against six target proteins. The scores of the experimental poses were placed within the(More)
In bee venom phospholipase A2, histidine-34 probably functions as a Brønsted base to deprotonate the attacking water. Aspartate-64 and tyrosine-87 form a hydrogen bonding network with histidine-34. We have prepared mutants at these positions and studied their kinetic properties. The mutant in which histidine-34 is changed to glutamine is catalytically(More)
The human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) are heme-protein monooxygenases, which catalyze oxidative reactions of a broad spectrum of substrates. Consequently, they play a critical role in the metabolism of xenobiotics, such as drugs and carcinogens, and the catabolism of endogenous lipophilic factors. Bioavailability and toxicity, both of which can be(More)
In this review, several aspects of virtual screening are presented. Although, docking and scoring have been the most widely employed techniques, ligand-based virtual screening has also gained momentum in recent years. We have classified the docking programs into four categories, based on their underline theories, and accordingly describe the most up-to-date(More)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2), is a 15.5-kDa cytokine that is now emerging as a target in drug discovery for novel therapeutic approaches in several autoimmune disorders. In an attempt to identify new inhibitors for the IL-2/IL-2R interaction, virtual screening (VS) was performed. Four different docking programs (GOLD, FlexX, Glide, and LigandFit) in combination(More)
Computer-modeling techniques have been used to generate docked complexes for a series of beta adrenergic agonists and antagonists with a three-dimensional model of the beta 2 adrenergic receptor. For all ligands tested, it proved possible to dock low-energy conformers in the receptor model, with sensible electrostatic, steric, and hydrogen-bonding(More)
Putative function for targets with no known ligands has typically been determined from liganded homologous proteins using sequence and structure comparisons. However, it is debatable what percentage of sequence identity implies similar function, whereas structural similarity is focused on global folds and could miss divergent structures and novel global(More)
It has been reported that somatostatin receptor subtypes 4 and 5 would be high-impact templates for homology modeling if their 3D structures became available. We have generated a homology model of the somatostatin receptor subtype 4 (sst4), using the newest active state β(2) adrenoreceptor crystal structure, and subsequently docked a variety of agonists(More)
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