Maria Kontoyianni

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Docking molecules into their respective 3D macromolecular targets is a widely used method for lead optimization. However, the best known docking algorithms often fail to position the ligand in an orientation close to the experimental binding mode. It was reported recently that consensus scoring enhances the hit rates in a virtual screening experiment. This(More)
In bee venom phospholipase A2, histidine-34 probably functions as a Brønsted base to deprotonate the attacking water. Aspartate-64 and tyrosine-87 form a hydrogen bonding network with histidine-34. We have prepared mutants at these positions and studied their kinetic properties. The mutant in which histidine-34 is changed to glutamine is catalytically(More)
Factor VII is a vitamin K-dependent zymogen of a serine protease that participates in the initial phase of blood coagulation. A factor VII molecular variant (factor VII Central) was identified in a 24-year-old male with severe factor VII deficiency and whose plasma factor VII antigen was 38% of normal, but expressed <1% factor VII procoagulant activity. DNA(More)
The design, synthesis, and biological activity of novel alpha(4)beta(1) and alpha(4)beta(7) integrin antagonists, containing a bridged azabicyclic nucleus, are reported. Conformational analysis of targets containing an azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane carboxylic acid and known integrin antagonists indicated that this azabicycle would be a suitable molecular(More)
Ball-and-stick mechanical models, typically associated with chemists, have been helpful in understanding structural problems and the relationship between structure and biologic activity. With progress in computer speed, graphics performance, and software innovation, molecules of biological interest can be subjected to rigorous calculations. Computational(More)
We present the results of a comprehensive study in which we explored how the docking procedure affects the performance of a virtual screening approach. We used four docking engines and applied 10 scoring functions to the top-ranked docking solutions of seeded databases against six target proteins. The scores of the experimental poses were placed within the(More)
In this review, several aspects of virtual screening are presented. Although, docking and scoring have been the most widely employed techniques, ligand-based virtual screening has also gained momentum in recent years. We have classified the docking programs into four categories, based on their underline theories, and accordingly describe the most up-to-date(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a novel series of N-sulfonyl-2-indole carboxamides that bind to peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) are reported. Chemical optimization of the series led to the identification of 4q (IC(50)=50 nM) as a potent binding agent of PPAR-gamma. Also reported is preliminary cell based(More)
The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane proteins that transmit signals via G-protein coupling. They have long been the target of small molecule therapeutics accounting for 30% of the launched drug targets. They are subdivided into several classes, with rhodopsins corresponding to the largest class. Furthermore, a high number of new(More)
The human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) are heme-protein monooxygenases, which catalyze oxidative reactions of a broad spectrum of substrates. Consequently, they play a critical role in the metabolism of xenobiotics, such as drugs and carcinogens, and the catabolism of endogenous lipophilic factors. Bioavailability and toxicity, both of which can be(More)