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This paper examines the role of information in securing control of health care systems. The discussion focuses on the impact of the proposed 'Performance Framework', which entails a significant increase in the importance attached to formal performance indicators in the management of the UK National Health Service. The paper starts with a discussion of the(More)
The Labour government has outlined its plans to 'replace' the competitive internal market with a more collaborative system based on partnership. Agreement amongst purchasers and providers is to be based on co-operation rather than competition. Longer term agreements covering periods of 3-5 years are to replace annual contracts within this new environment.(More)
The pursuit of equity of access to health care is a central objective of many health care systems. This paper first sets out a general theoretical framework within which equity of access can be examined. It then applies the framework by examining the extent to which research evidence has been able to detect systematic inequities of access in UK, where(More)
A systematic review of the methods used to assess appropriateness of acute bed use and the evidence on the scale of inappropriate use in different patient groups is presented. Issues of generalisability of the findings are also addressed. Criteria based tools are the accepted way of measuring inappropriate days of stay and admissions, although opinion based(More)
Formal performance measurement systems have become a prominent feature throughout most of the public sector. The NHS is no exception and the government is developing and expanding on existing performance data to produce a new national framework which is to be at the heart of the 'performance-led' NHS. The success of formal performance measurement systems(More)
Most countries face high demands on their health care systems and have limited resources with which to meet them. Priority setting seeks to address these problems by proposing rules to decide which groups of patients or disease areas should secure favoured access to limited health care resources. The economic approach towards priority setting, particularly(More)
Managers interviewed in hospital trusts, health authorities and regional offices believed performance indicators to be broadly helpful. But our study found evidence that the role of the current performance indicators is distinctly limited. The indicators are primarily used to highlight instances of exceptionally poor performance. Frontline staff, such as(More)
Background to series CHE Discussion Papers (DPs) began publication in 1983 as a means of making current research material more widely available to health economists and other potential users. So as to speed up the dissemination process, papers were originally published by CHE and distributed by post to a worldwide readership. The CHE Research Paper series(More)
Executive Summary 1. The concepts of economies of scope and economies of scale are at the heart of the issue of competition in healthcare. This report reviews the evidence on what drives economies of scope and scale in the provision of NHS services, focusing on A&E and associated hospital services. It considers the nature of the evidence base for guidance(More)
BACKGROUND Composite indices of healthcare performance are an aggregation of underlying individual performance measures. They are increasingly being used to rank healthcare organizations. Although composite indicators present the "big picture" in a way that is easy to interpret, misleading conclusions may be drawn if attention is not paid to key(More)