Maria Juliana Serrano

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The development of the head involves the interaction of several cell populations and coordination of cell signalling pathways, which when disrupted can cause defects such as facial clefts. This review concentrates on genetic contributions to facial clefts with and without cleft palate (CP). An overview of early palatal development with emphasis on muscle(More)
Secondary palate fusion requires adhesion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of the epithelial layers on opposing palatal shelves. This EMT requires transforming growth factor β3 (TGFβ3), and its failure results in cleft palate. Ephrins, and their receptors, the Ephs, are responsible for migration, adhesion, and midline closure events throughout(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptotic cells are recognized specifically by macrophages and are cleared rapidly by phagocytosis. However, the recognition mechanisms involved in the clearance of apoptotic cells by macrophages are still not fully understood. Therefore, new methods must be designed to better our understanding of the mechanisms of interaction between macrophages(More)
We investigated the relationship between the activation of the c-myc and c-K-ras proto-oncogenes and the acquisition of metastatic potential in a methylcholanthrene-induced BALB/c fibrosarcoma. The murine fibrosarcoma GR9 was originally induced in BALB/c mice following exposure to the carcinogenic chemical 3-methylcholanthrene. To induce spontaneous(More)
Candida albicans is an increasingly important opportunistic fungal pathogen in immunocompromised patients. Natural killer (NK) cells constitute an important immune effector mechanism and are involved in the response to different pathological disorders. We wished to determine if this immune mechanism is involved in the specific response to C. albicans.(More)
The resistance of mice to systemic infections caused by Candida albicans is associated with activated splenic macrophages. In addition, there is a correlation between natural killer (NK) cell activation and the resistance to systemic candidiasis. The present study was designed to clarify the role of NK cells in the control of splenic macrophage C. albicans(More)
IMPORTANCE Notch proteins are cell surface transmembrane spanning receptors which mediate critically important cellular functions through direct cell-cell contact. Interactions between Notch receptors and their ligands regulate cell fate decisions such differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis in numerous tissues. We have previously shown using(More)
The mammalian secondary palate forms from shelves of epithelia-covered mesenchyme that meet at midline and fuse. The midline epithelial seam (MES) is thought to degrade by apoptosis, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), or both. Failure to degrade the MES blocks fusion and causes cleft palate. It was previously thought that transforming growth factor(More)
BACKGROUND Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) is used widely to label the targets used in flow cytometric phagocytosis assays. Unfortunately, the fluorescence intensity of phagocytosed FITC-labeled targets is influenced by changes in intracellular pH level, making quantitative measurements with this fluorophore problematic. We describe the use of SYTOX green(More)
We describe the use of 7-amino-actinomycin D (7AAD) to measure phagocytosis and the opsonizing capacity of serum. Heat-inactivated Candida albicans was previously stained with 7AAD and incubated with resident peritoneal macrophages. The samples were analyzed by flow cytometry and phagocytic cells were identified by their bright red fluorescence. This is a(More)