Maria João Gravato-Nobre

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Ventral enclosure in Caenorhabditis elegans involves migration of epidermal cells over a neuroblast substrate and subsequent adhesion at the ventral midline. Organisation of the neuroblast layer by ephrins and their receptors is essential for this migration. We show that bus-8, which encodes a predicted glycosyltransferase, is essential for embryonic(More)
The amenability of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans for genetic analysis and other experimentation provides a powerful tool for studying host-pathogen interactions. Our current understanding of how C. elegans responds to pathogen challenges is in its infancy, but the discovery that the worm has inducible defence responses, which to some extent parallel(More)
Cilia and extracellular vesicles (EVs) are signaling organelles [1]. Cilia act as cellular sensory antennae, with defects resulting in human ciliopathies. Cilia both release and bind to EVs [1]. EVs are sub-micron-sized particles released by cells and function in both short- and long-range intercellular communication. In C. elegans and mammals, the(More)
Surface-coat epitopes of Meloidogyne incognita were detected in root tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana during migration and feeding site formation. A whole-mount root technique was used for immunolocalization of surface coat epitopes in A. thaliana, with the aid of a monoclonal antibody raised specifically against the outer surface of infective juveniles of(More)
Interactions with bacteria play a major role in immune responses, ecology, and evolution of all animals, but they have been neglected until recently in the case of C. elegans. We report a genetic investigation of the interaction of C. elegans with the nematode-specific pathogen Microbacterium nematophilum, which colonizes the rectum and causes distinctive(More)
We have identified Conserved Non-coding Elements (CNEs) in the regulatory region of Caenorhabditis elegans and Caenorhabditis briggsae mab-9, a T-box gene known to be important for cell fate specification in the developing C. elegans hindgut. Two adjacent CNEs (a region 78 bp in length) are both necessary and sufficient to drive reporter gene expression in(More)
Little is known about the relative contributions and importance of antibacterial effectors in the nematode C. elegans, despite extensive work on the innate immune responses in this organism. We report an investigation of the expression, function and regulation of the six ilys (invertebrate-type lysozyme) genes of C. elegans. These genes exhibited a(More)
C. elegans is developing in importance as a model for innate immunity. Several signaling pathways are known to be required for immune responses to a diverse range of pathogens, including the insulin signaling, p38 MAP kinase and transforming growth factor-beta pathways. These pathways also have roles during development, which can complicate the analysis of(More)
The surface of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is poorly understood but critical for its interactions with the environment and with pathogens. We show here that six genes (bus-2, bus-4, and bus-12, together with the previously cloned srf-3, bus-8, and bus-17) encode proteins predicted to act in surface glycosylation, thereby affecting disease(More)
Microbacterium nematophilum causes a deleterious infection of the C. elegans hindgut initiated by adhesion to rectal and anal cuticle. C. elegans bus-2 mutants, which are resistant to M. nematophilum and also to the formation of surface biofilms by Yersinia sp., carry genetic lesions in a putative glycosyltransferase containing conserved domains of core-1(More)