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We present an extensive study of the genetic diversity of phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency in the Spanish phenylketonuria population. We have analysed 195 PKU patients by DGGE analysis identifying 67 different mutations which represent 89% of the total mutant chromosomes. Seventeen mutations first described in Spain have not yet been detected elsewhere;(More)
One rRNA operon of all mycobacteria studied so far is located downstream from a gene thought to code for the enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine carboxyvinyl transferase (UNAcGCT), which is important to cell wall synthesis. This operon has been designated rrnAf for fast-growing mycobacteria and rrnAs for slow growers. We have investigated the upstream sequences(More)
Propionic acidaemia (PA) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in either of the PCCA or PCCB genes which encode the alpha and beta subunits, respectively, of the mitochondrial enzyme propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC). In this work we have examined the biochemical findings and clinical outcome of 37 Spanish PA patients in relation to the(More)
In this report, we describe seven new patients with a severe deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase in cultured skin fibroblasts. Three of the patients studied excreted high levels of glutaric acid. The remaining four patients presented a lack of significant glutaric aciduria. However, glutaric acid was found in increased levels in CSF. In both groups of(More)
Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency is an autosomal recessive defect of purine metabolism. Succinyladenosine (S-Ado) and succinylaminoimidazole carboxamide riboside (SAICAr) are the disease marker metabolites in physiological fluids. The Bratton-Marshall test for detection of SAICAr in urine has been added to the selective screening for inborn errors of(More)
An outbreak of postsurgical infections caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria has been ongoing in Brazil since 2004. The degrees of similarity of the rpoB and hsp65 sequences from the clinical isolates and the corresponding sequences from both the Mycobacterium massiliense and the M. bolletii type strains were above the accepted limit for interspecies(More)
The pharmacokinetics of cefoxitin were studied in nine patients with pleural effusion of varied etiologies. All patients received a single intravenous bolus of 30 mg/kg. Cefoxitin levels were determined simultaneously in plasma and pleural fluid by means of a microbiologic plate diffusion method. The antibiotic follows a two-compartment open kinetic model.(More)
Mycobacteria are thought to have either one or two rRNA operons per genome. All mycobacteria investigated to date have an operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from the murA gene. We report that Mycobacteriun fortuitum has a second rrn operon, designated rrnB, which is located downstream from the tyrS gene; tyrS is very close to the 3' end of a gene(More)
Chromosome pairing behaviour of the natural allotetraploid Aegilops biuncialis (genome UUMM) and a triploid hybrid Ae. biuncialis x Secale cereale (genome UMR) was analyzed by electron microscopy in surface-spread prophase I nuclei. Synaptonemal-complex analysis at zygotene and pachytene revealed that synapsis in the allotetraploid was mostly between(More)
OBJECTIVE Pineal function has been considered particularly as a neuroendocrine modulator in hormone responsive tumors, like the hormone-dependent mammary tumors. The complexity of the gland function, moreover, is denoted by the presence of a local renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) that regulates melatonin biosynthesis. Classically, angiotensin II (Ang II) has(More)