Maria J. Siemińska

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INTRODUCTION The study investigated relationships of postoperative pain following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with two variables: (1) level of preoperative anxiety (anxiety-state) and (2) level of anxiety-trait. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty three randomly selected male patients (44-66 years old), qualified for CABG surgery, participated in(More)
A cross-sectional study investigated changes in patients’ value systems following a diagnosis of cancer. Fifty patients at 1 to 6 months following cancer diagnosis, were asked to compare their current values with their recollection of past values. Using the Rokeach Value Survey we obtained statistically significant results showing that twenty-seven out of(More)
INTRODUCTION Not many physicians would argue with the opinion that therapeutic success depends significantly on the psychic condition of the patient. It is generally accepted that a patient who strongly believes in recovery will respond better to therapy than a patient who is no longer ready to deal with difficulties caused by the disease. The patient needs(More)
Scientific knowledge has recently become dominant in the cognition and interpretation of the world. Its dominance is a result of the competence and authority that science has. The process of the social reception of science has an idealising character. The growing trust in science, on the one hand provides a better opportunity for the rationalisation of(More)
The work of A. J. Cunningham has created new perspectives for extension of survival through psychological intervention in patients with advanced cancer. Therapeutic techniques exploiting unique subjective psychic and social experiences may be particularly helpful at the time when life of the patient is threatened by an incurable disease. Psychological(More)
The presented work handles the problem of the process of moulding knowledge about illness on the example of cardiologic patients. The papers cognitive frames are pointed out by the conception of transfer of knowledge. The author acknowledges that the patients convictions and behaviours can be understood more thoroughly if the following aspects are analysed:(More)
The aim of this work was to characterize the knowledge that patients have of their disease. A special questionnaire was distributed (in 1998) to 33 patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in 1995-1996. The results show that the knowledge of patients is fragmentary, hermetic, and static, at the same time(More)
It is evident from literature that is no clear picture of the psychosocial factors that play a role in the way patients with tongue neoplasms cope with their defects and their treatment. The most significant component of the impact of postoperative disfigurement and dysfunction appears within a social context where the drastic alteration in anatomic contour(More)
Doctor and patient meet in a circle of feelings determined by suffering. Sensitivity to the suffering is an axis determining the nature of the doctor and patient relationship. The patient's experience of an illness is individual, private, and very often difficult to describe. But the possibility to understand the suffering of another person comes from the(More)
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