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A consecutive, unselected series of 82 patients with epidural hematoma treated between 1973 and 1980 is presented. Forty-one patients were managed before the advent of computerized tomography (CT) and the other 41 after this neuroradiological method was available. Mortality and disability rates which were 29.2% and 31.7% during the pre-CT period decreased(More)
BACKGROUND In the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1)-G93A mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), skeletal muscle is a key target of mutant SOD1 toxicity. However, the expression of factors that control the regenerative potential of the muscle is unknown in this model. OBJECTIVE To characterize the expression of satellite cell marker Pax7 and(More)
The distribution of NADPH-diaphorase (ND) activity was histochemically investigated in the brain of the frog Rana perezi. This technique provides a highly selective labeling of neurons and tracts. In the telencephalon, labeled cells are present in the olfactory bulb, pallial regions, septal area, nucleus of the diagonal band, striatum, and amygdala.(More)
As part of a research program on the evolution of somatosensory systems in vertebrates, the dorsal column nucleus (DCN) was studied with (immuno)histochemical and tract-tracing techniques in anurans (the large green frog, Rana perezi, and the clawed toad, Xenopus laevis). The anuran DCN contains some nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate(More)
The neuronal structures with NADPH-diaphorase activity and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunoreactivity have been studied in the brain of the urodele amphibian Pleurodeles waltl by means of histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques. Both approaches resulted in the selective labeling of the same neurons and fiber tracts in the brain, except for the(More)
In Xenopus laevis, we analyzed the origin of the projection neurons and interneurons in the developing olfactory bulbs by studying the expression patterns of the genes x-Eomes, x-Lhx5, x-Dll3 and x-Pax6. Olfactory bulb interneurons were characterized by using four conserved molecular markers for distinct subpopulations: gamma-aminobutyric acid, calretinin,(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia). Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. METHODS A total of 118 pigeons(More)
The authors analyze the clinical course of 46 severely head-injured patients who had completely normal computerized tomography (CT) scans through the immediate posttraumatic period (1 to 7 days after trauma). These patients represent 10.2% of a consecutive series of 448 cases of severe head injuries and two-thirds of the cases showing a normal CT scan on(More)
Evidence is presented for an anuran homologue of the mammalian spinocervicothalamic system. In vitro tract-tracing experiments with biotinylated dextran amine Xenopus laevis show that ascending spinal fibres from all levels of the spinal cord, passing via the dorsolateral funiculus, terminate in a cell area ventrolateral to the dorsal column nucleus. This(More)
Of 838 patients with severe head injuries admitted since the introduction of computerized tomography, 211 (25.1%) talked at some time between trauma and subsequent deterioration into coma. Of these 211 patients, 89 (42.2%) had brain contusion/hematoma, 46 (21.8%) an epidural hematoma, 35 (16.6%) a subdural hematoma, and 41 (19.4%) did not show focal mass(More)