Maria J. Clauss

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The different members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family act as key regulators of endothelial cell function controlling vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, vascular permeability and endothelial cell survival. In this study, we have functionally characterized a novel member of the VEGF family, designated VEGF-E. VEGF-E sequences are encoded by(More)
Two distinct receptors for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the tyrosine kinase receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1/KDR, have been described. In this study we show that monocytes, in contrast to endothelium, express only the VEGF receptor Flt-1, and that this receptor specifically binds also the VEGF homolog placenta growth factor (PlGF). Both VEGF and PlGF(More)
Non-model Arabidopsis species have been widely used as outgroup taxa in studies of molecular evolution. In Arabidopsis lyrata, Arabidopsis halleri and Arabidopsis arenosa, traits pertaining to self-incompatibility, heavy metal tolerance and inter-specific hybridization have been subjected to detailed genetic analysis. However, the full potential for(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a candidate regulator of blood vessel growth during embryonic development and in tumors. To evaluate the role of VEGF receptor-1/flt-1 (VEGFR1/flt-1) in the development of the vascular system, we have characterized the murine homolog of the human flt-1 gene and have analyzed its expression pattern during mouse(More)
Nonenzymatic glycosylation of proteins, as occurs at an accelerated rate in diabetes, can lead to the formation of advanced glycosylation end products of proteins (AGEs), which can bind to endothelial cells, thereby altering cellular function in a manner which could contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic angiopathy. In this report, we describe the(More)
Patterns of seed predation, germination, and seedling herbivory were investigated in Panamanian forests. We hypothesized that seed and seedling survival would vary with differences in mammal community composition. We tested this hypothesis at five sites in mainland forests adjacent to Gatun Lake, full terrestrial mammalian granivore/ herbivore communities(More)
In this study, an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier, consisting of porcine brain-derived microvascular endothelial cells (BMEC), was used to evaluate the mechanism of hypoxia-induced hyperpermeability. We show that hypoxia-induced permeability in BMEC was completely abolished by a neutralizing antibody to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).(More)
Systemic infusion of low concentrations of tumor necrosis factor/cachectin (TNF) into mice that bear TNF-sensitive tumors leads to activation of coagulation, fibrin formation, and occlusive thrombosis exclusively within the tumor vascular bed. To identify mechanisms underlying the localization of this vascular procoagulant response, a tumor-derived(More)
The GH receptor (GHR) is a member of the cytokine receptor superfamily; its signaling involves the activation of Janus tyrosine kinases (JAK2) and Stat (signal transducers and activators of transcription) transcription factors. Using truncated and tyrosine mutants of the receptor, we show that different receptor domains are essential for the activation of(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the founding member of a still growing family of endothelial cell growth factors. The diverse functions of VEGF and its homologues (PIGF, VEGF-B, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, and VEGF-E) can be explained by their differential binding to the three signaling VEGF receptors. The VEGF family members PIGF and VEGF-B with exclusive(More)