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Non-model Arabidopsis species have been widely used as outgroup taxa in studies of molecular evolution. In Arabidopsis lyrata, Arabidopsis halleri and Arabidopsis arenosa, traits pertaining to self-incompatibility, heavy metal tolerance and inter-specific hybridization have been subjected to detailed genetic analysis. However, the full potential for(More)
Glucosinolates (GS) and trichomes contribute to plant resistance against insect herbivores in the model Arabidopsis thaliana. The functional and genetic characteristics of herbivore defense, however, can differ even between closely related species. In a quantitative genetic experiment with the out-crossing perennial Arabidopsis lyrata spp. petraea, we(More)
Species closely related to model organisms present the opportunity to efficiently apply molecular and functional tools developed by a large research community to taxa with different ecological and evolutionary histories. We complied 42 microsatellite loci that amplify under common conditions in four closely related Arabidopsis: A. thaliana; A. halleri; A.(More)
Duplicated genes are important in the evolution and ecology of plant-defences because herbivore and pathogen attack can be countered via functional diversification at two levels: among duplicated loci and within loci. We explore molecular sequence variation for two members of a defence-related gene family, Arabidopsis thaliana trypsin inhibitors (ATTI), in(More)
Population genetic theory predicts that the self-incompatible and perennial herb, Arabidopsis lyrata, will have a genetic structure that differs from the self-fertilizing, annual Arabidopsis thaliana. We quantified the genetic structure for eight populations of A. lyrata ssp. petraea in historically nonglaciated regions of central Europe. Analysis of 20(More)
The genetic variation that underlies the glucosinolate phenotype of Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. petraea was investigated between and within populations. A candidate glucosinolate biosynthetic locus (MAM, containing methylthioalkylmalate synthase genes) was mapped in A. lyrata to a location on linkage group 6 corresponding to the homologous location for MAM in(More)
The effects of grazing by captive goslings of the Lesser Snow Goose on coastal vegetation at La Pérouse By. Manitoba were investigated. Swards of Carex subspathacea, Festuca rubra and Calamagrostis deschampsioides were grazed once for different periods (0–180 min) and regrowth of vegetation determined, based on measurements of standing crop, net(More)
In multigene families, variation among loci and alleles can contribute to trait evolution. We explored patterns of functional and genetic variation in six duplicated Arabidopsis thaliana trypsin inhibitor (ATTI) loci. We demonstrate significant variation in constitutive and herbivore-induced transcription among ATTI loci that show, on average, 65% sequence(More)
Evolutionary genomics combines functional and evolutionary analyses of genome conservation and differentiation. Gene duplication and polyploidy have fundamentally shaped the genomes of Arabidopsis and all angiosperms. Recent comparative studies have focussed on gene regulation, the function of untranscribed genomic regions, and the effects of natural(More)
Volatile organic compounds have been reported to serve some important roles in plant communication with other organisms, but little is known about the biological functions of most of these substances. To gain insight into this problem, we have compared differences in floral and vegetative volatiles between two closely related plant species with different(More)