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This study addressed two aims: (1) to assess the level of depressive symptoms among pregnant, HIV-infected racial and ethnic minority women and (2) to identify potentially modifiable factors associated with prenatal depression in order to foster proactive clinical screening and intervention for these women. Baseline interview data collected from(More)
CONTEXT AND PURPOSE This study examined the predictors of HIV testing and factors associated with intention to accept a free HIV test among 244 Hispanic migrant/seasonal farmworkers in South Florida. METHODS Time and space sampling procedures were used to recruit participants in public venues. Bilingual staff interviewed eligible respondents in these(More)
Adherence to HIV treatment regimens during pregnancy may affect efforts to eliminate vertical transmission and influence the emergence of drug-resistant HIV strains that can affect maternal health and the risk of vertically-transmitted resistant strains. Study objectives were to document patterns of adherence to zidovudine (ZDV) during the perinatal period.(More)
The purpose of this paper is to assess sexual behaviours which place heroin sniffers (HSs) at high risk for HIV infection. A stratified network-based sample was used to recruit HSs who had no history of injection drug use was recruited from the streets of South Florida, USA. HSs displayed a high HIV seroprevalence rate of 12.1%; women (18.1%) were more(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study is to describe the sexual practices, drug use behaviors, psychosocial factors, and predictors of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in a sample of Hispanic men who have sex with men (MSM) born in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries who currently reside in Miami-Dade County, Florida. METHODS Hispanic MSM (N = 566)(More)
OBJECTIVES We determined rates of prenatal HIV testing and investigated barriers to testing. METHODS We surveyed 1362 representative parturient women from 7 hospitals in 4 locations of the United States. RESULTS Overall, 89.9% of women reported being offered HIV testing and 69.6% reported being tested. Proportions of women not offered testing differed(More)
OBJECTIVE The HIV and Pregnancy Study of the Perinatal Guidelines Evaluation Project is a prospective, longitudinal, multisite study established to: (a) assess the implementation of Public Health Service guidelines regarding the prevention of perinatal HIV transmission and (b) evaluate the psychosocial consequences of HIV infection among pregnant women. A(More)
Although use of the Internet as a vehicle for HIV/STI research is increasing, its viability to recruit at-risk populations such as Hispanic men who have sex with men (HMSM) to participate in community-based HIV studies is in its infancy. We report on the first 171 participants enrolled in an ongoing study exploring use of the Internet to recruit Hispanic(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to describe and compare prevalence rates of and risk factors for violence against women during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS Physical and sexual violence and violence risk factors were assessed during late pregnancy and 6 months postpartum in a prospective study of pregnant women with (n=336) and without (n=298) HIV in 4 US(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to identify clinical and psychosocial factors associated with rates of prenatal zidovudine use and adherence among human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN Two hundred sixty-four women completed 2 interviews between October 1996 and November 1998 at prenatal clinics in Miami, Florida; Brooklyn, New York;(More)