Maria Imaculada Muniz-Junqueira

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Malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in vast areas of the world, mainly due to the severe forms of Plasmodium falciparum infection. The exacerbated immune response, with increased production of TNF and reactive nitrogen and oxygen intermediates, plays a role in the complex pathogenesis of the disease. It is recognised that thalidomide(More)
It is still controversial whether intestinal parasitic infections can influence the nutritional status of children. The relationship between protein-energy malnutrition, vitamin A and parasitic infections was evaluated in 124 children. The food intake estimated by recall method was generally low and poor. Seventy five percent of the children were infected(More)
We describe a simple test for the evaluation of phagocytosis and provide a chart of reference values to evaluate normal phagocytosis by age. We assessed the postnatal maturation of phagocytic function of neutrophils and monocytes. Phagocytosis was evaluated in newborn children delivered vaginally or by cesarean section, infants, preschool children,(More)
It has been shown that administration of TNF-alpha causes an increase of survival of plasmodium-infected mice. However, this anti-parasitic effect cannot be reproduced in vitro upon direct incubation of the cytokine with the parasite. This suggests that TNF-alpha may act through modulation of some plasmodicidal mechanism not yet clarified. We evaluated the(More)
The development of drug resistance by infectious agents represents a major hindrance for controlling parasitic diseases and has stimulated the search for new compounds. We have previously shown that phylloseptin-1 (PS-1), a cationic peptide from the skin secretion of Phyllomedusa azurea, exhibited potent antimicrobial activity. Now we evaluate the effect of(More)
Patients infected with schistosomes may develop a clinical picture of chronic salmonellosis. We have investigated the altered function of macrophages capable of playing a role in the development of chronic salmonellosis associated with Schistosoma mansoni in an experimental model. The capacity of mouse peritoneal macrophages to ingest and kill Salmonella(More)
Leishmania has developed mechanisms to escape from immune defense of phagocytes by inhibiting microbicidal oxygen and nitrogen radicals. This work evaluated the influence of meglumine antimonate (Sb(V)) on the phagocyte functions involved in the defense against leishmania, through phagocytosis, reactive oxygen, nitrogen and TNF-alpha production in the(More)
As the diversity in clinical presentation of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) is determined mainly by the immune response of host, our aim was to evaluate the in situ expression of Foxp3 [marker of regulatory T (Treg) cell] in lesions of the different clinical forms of ATL. Foxp3(+) cells were observed in 39.5% (32/81) of the samples and the number(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a mediator of inflammation and has an important role in human and experimental renal diseases. Pentoxifylline (PTX) has been shown to inhibit cytokine synthesis, including TNF-alpha. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of PTX on meglumine antimonate (Sb(V)) and antimony pentachloride(More)
Miltefosine is an anticancer drug currently used to treat visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis, also presents a broad-spectrum of fungicidal and antiamoebae activities. It acts on the metabolism of phospholipids and glycoproteins of the membrane of parasites. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of miltefosine (0.4 to 50.0 μg/mL) on the phagocytosis and(More)