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BACKGROUND Despite the increased prenatal diagnosis of congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), no reliable renal marker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been validated yet in neonates. Cystatin C (CysC) is specific to the neonate and is proposed as a sensitive marker for this population. The aims of the study were first to(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) is a main cause leading to endstage renal disease (ESRD) during childhood occurring at a frequency of 1 in every 500 pregnancies. No early predictive markers of long-term renal function (RF) are validated in these neonates. The aim of this study was to compare CysC and creatinine(More)
OBJECTIVE To model the risk of HIV acquisition and maternal mortality for women in four African countries in the light of previous data on risk of HIV acquisition and hormonal contraceptive use. DESIGN Decision analysis. SETTING Chad, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda. POPULATION Women of reproductive age, at risk of HIV, who do not desire pregnancy. (More)
Cervical cancer is the most frequent malignant tumour of women in Latin America being human papillomavirus (HPV) the main cause. The aim of this study was to increase the knowledge about the cervical infections with oncogenic HPV types (HR-HPV) in Asuncion, Paraguay. Two hundred and seventy-two cervical samples were analyzed using hybrid capture II assay(More)
An evidence-based approach to postpartum use of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate in breastfeeding women Maria Isabel Rodriguez⁎, Andrew M. Kaunitz Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital—6D, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA Department of Obstetrics and(More)
Prominent racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in rates of unintended pregnancy, abortion, and unintended births exist in the United States. These disparities can contribute to the cycle of disadvantage experienced by specific demographic groups when women are unable to control their fertility as desired. In this review we consider 3 factors that(More)
BACKGROUND Publicly funded family planning services play an important role in reducing unintended pregnancy by providing access to effective contraception. We assessed whether California family planning providers receiving federal Title X funds are more likely to offer on-site long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods than those who do not receive(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW In this era of healthcare reform, attention is focused on increasing the quality of care and access to services, while simultaneously reducing the cost. Economic evaluations can play an important role in translating research to evidence-based practice and policy. RECENT FINDINGS Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and its utility for(More)
A multicentre trial was conducted to compare efficacy of postpartum sterilisation with clip and partial salpingectomy. Life-table estimates of pregnancy probabilities were compared through 2 years of follow up. A significantly different risk of pregnancy between the clip and partial salpingectomy groups was observed. Nine pregnancies were observed in the(More)