Maria I. Niño-Soto

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Our previous studies showed that expression patterns of X-linked genes in cultured cells are different from those of their tissues of origin. This investigation analyses the transcription pattern of the X-linked genes BIRC4, GAB3, MECP2, RPS4X, SLC25A6, and XIST in bovine in vitro matured oocytes and in vitro fertilized embryos, and their in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND The Swine Leukocyte Antigen (SLA) system encodes molecules for self-nonself discrimination and is associated with immune responses and disease resistance. Three lines of pigs defined by their SLA-DRB1 alleles were developed at the University of Guelph for xenotransplantation and immune response studies. The aim of this project was to explore the(More)
In cattle, nearly all heifers born co-twin to a male are freemartins, XX/XY chimeras that exhibit a characteristic masculinized phenotype. However, in sheep, while litters containing males and females are common, freemartins are relatively rare. The primary aim of this study was to determine the frequency and features of XX/XY chimerism in female Rideau(More)
Chromosome alterations, such as those affecting telomere erosion, predictably occur with each cell division, others, which involve changes to the expression and replication of the X-chromosome occur at particular stages of development, while those that involve loss or gain of chromosomes occur in a random and so far unpredictable manner. The production of(More)
This study investigated epigenetic mechanisms by which DNA methylation affects the function of bovine adaptive immune system cells, particularly during the peripartum period, when shifts in type 1 and type 2 immune response (IR) biases are thought to occur. Stimulation of CD4+ T-lymphocytes isolated from 5 Holstein dairy cows before and after parturition(More)
The sex determination system in mammals creates an imbalance between males and females in the number of X chromosomes. This imbalance is compensated through transcriptional silencing of one of the two X chromosomes in female diploid cells by epigenetic modifications. Although common for mammals, X inactivation shows marked species-specific differences in(More)
Infectious diseases are an important cause of economic loss in the agri-food business. This study investigates indicators of bovine high (HR) and low (LR) immune response and their associated patterns of gene expression. Holstein cows were immunized to induce antibody (AMIR) and cell-mediated (CMIR) immune responses. Based on the results of enzyme-linked(More)
Digitally augmented physical spaces (e.g. smart classrooms) offer opportunities to engage students in novel and potentially transformative learning experiences. This paper presents an immersive rainforest simulation and a mobile inquiry platform where co-located students collect observational data from the environment and explore their peers' data using(More)
Three lines of commercialYorkshire pigs with defined SLA-DRB1 alleles were developed at the University of Guelph for xenotransplantation and immune response studies. Two of the SLA-DRB1 alleles have been previously reported (SLA-DRB1*0502 and *0701), whereas the third one is a new allele. The influence of defined SLA-DRB1 alleles on transcriptional patterns(More)
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