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Due to their conjugated double bonds the leukotrienes themselves are photolabile compounds and may therefore be used directly for photoaffinity labeling of leukotriene binding sites. Cryofixation eliminates unspecific labeling taking place in solution by photoisomers and photodegradation products of leukotrienes. After fixation of receptor ligand(More)
The bacterial extract OM-85-BV prepared from 21 pathogenic bacterial strains is administered orally to adults and children for the treatment and prevention of recurrent infections of the respiratory tract. We analyzed in vitro and in vivo the immunomodulatory effects of the extract. The lysate acted as a non specific macrophage activator, inducing NO(More)
The bacterial extract Broncho-Vaxom used for the prevention and treatment of recurrent respiratory tract infections is an immunomodulator in vitro and in vivo, as determined in a murine model. The extract acts, on the one hand, as macrophage activator and polyclonal B-lymphocyte stimulant. On the other hand, after repeated intraperitoneal or oral(More)
In previous studies we have shown that lipopeptides constitute potent immunoadjuvants in mice, rabbits and other species: in parenteral immunization, lipopeptide adjuvants were comparable, or in some cases superior to Freund's adjuvant, and were devoid of the side effects of this additive. Here we demonstrate that lipopeptides also constitute adjuvants for(More)
The bacterial extract OM-89 used for the prevention and treatment of recurrent urinary tract infections constitutes an effective immunostimulant in vitro and in vivo. Here we demonstrate that OM-89 shows mitogenic properties towards murine spleen cell cultures from LPS responder and non-responder mice. In macrophages the extract induces the translocation of(More)
omega-Oxidation of leukotrienes is a major pathway in the degradation and inactivation of these proinflammatory mediators. Ethanol inhibited this process in vivo and in vitro. In rat liver in vivo the catabolism of LTE4 to omega-carboxylated leukotrienes was inhibited by 57% by an ethanol dose of 25 mmol/kg body mass administered intragastrically. The site(More)
Hepatobiliary and renal elimination of cysteinyl leukotrienes were investigated in a mutant rat strain with a hereditary defect in the hepatobiliary excretion of conjugated bilirubin, dibromosulfophthalein and ouabain. After intravenous injection of [3H]leukotriene C4, the initial half-life of radioactivity circulating in blood was 79 +/- 15 sec (S.D.) in(More)
We investigated the immunostimulatory properties of synthetically prepared lipopeptides derived from the cell wall of Gram negative bacteria. These compounds constitute potent macrophage activators and polyclonal B-lymphocyte stimulators. They are also immunoadjuvants in parenteral or oral immunization. By coupling the lipopeptides to haptens or low(More)
The metabolic inactivation of the cysteinyl leukotrienes LTC4 and LTD4 and of the chemotactic LTB4 was studied in the rat in vivo and in hepatocyte suspensions, respectively. 1. Deactivation of LTC4 via LTD4 to LTE4 was a most active process in the blood circulation, catalyzed mainly by ectoenzymes located on the internal wall of blood vessels. Uptake of(More)