Maria Hofstaetter

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The epigenetic information encoded in the genomic DNA methylation pattern is translated by methylcytosine binding proteins like MeCP2 into chromatin topology and structure and gene activity states. We have shown previously that the MeCP2 level increases during differentiation and that it causes large-scale chromatin reorganization, which is disturbed by(More)
Epigenetic marks like methylation of cytosines at CpG dinucleotides are essential for mammalian development and play a major role in the regulation of gene expression and chromatin architecture. The methyl-cytosine binding domain (MBD) protein family recognizes and translates this methylation mark. We have recently shown that the level of MeCP2 and MBD2,(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules are a key element of the cellular immune response. Encoded by the MHC they are a family of highly polymorphic peptide receptors presenting peptide antigens for the surveillance by T cells. We have shown that certain organic compounds can amplify immune responses by catalyzing the peptide loading of human(More)
Class II MHC molecules undergo conformational changes on shifts of the pH. As a consequence, low-affinity peptides tightly bound at pH 7.0 can be released at pH 5.0. The imidazole group of histidine is the only amino acid side chain affected within this range. At pH 5.0 the group is positively charged, polar, and hydrophilic, whereas at pH 7.4 it is(More)
Immunotherapy by using multimerized self-peptides has demonstrated a clear protective effect on experimental models of autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanisms involved remain ill-defined. Here we have evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of multimerized self-peptides at the effector phase of autoimmune diabetes and examined their mechanisms of action.(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune diseases result from a breakdown in self-tolerance to autoantigens. Self-tolerance is induced and sustained by central and peripheral mechanisms intended to deviate harmful immune responses and to maintain homeostasis, where regulatory T cells play a crucial role. The use of self-antigens in the study and treatment of a range of(More)
Parasite proteins containing repeats are essential invasion ligands, important for their ability to evade the host immune system and to induce immunosuppression. Here, the intrinsic suppressive potential of repetitive structures within parasite proteins was exploited to induce immunomodulation in order to establish self-tolerance in an animal model of(More)
This research was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Becker, A. and Zhang, P. and Allmann, L. and Meilinger, D. and Bertulat, B. and Eck, D. and Hofstaetter, M. and Bartolomei, G. and Hottiger, M.O. and Schreiber, V. and Leonhardt, H. and Cardoso, M.C. Poly(ADPribosyl)ation of Methyl CpG binding domain protein 2 regulates chromatin(More)
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