Maria Hernandez-Valladares

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Ras GTPases are important regulators of pathways controlling proliferation, differentiation and transformation. Three ubiquitously expressed almost identical Ras genes are not functionally redundant; this has been attributed to their distinctive trafficking and localization profiles. A palmitoylation cycle controls the correct compartmentalization of H-Ras(More)
Capping protein (CP) regulates actin dynamics by binding the barbed ends of actin filaments. Removal of CP may be one means to harness actin polymerization for processes such as cell movement and endocytosis. Here we structurally and biochemically investigated a CP interaction (CPI) motif present in the otherwise unrelated proteins CARMIL and CD2AP. The CPI(More)
The Bacteroides fragilis Zn-beta-lactamase is active with a mono- and a binuclear zinc site. The apoenzyme produced by removal of both Zn ions does not recover full activity upon readdition of Zn2+ in contrast to an active mono-Zn form prepared at pH 6.0. Differences in k(cat) values observed are substrate-dependent implying distinct mechanisms for the(More)
Gelsolin consists of six homologous domains (G1-G6), each containing a conserved Ca-binding site. Occupation of a subset of these sites enables gelsolin to sever and cap actin filaments in a Ca-dependent manner. Here, we present the structures of Ca-free human gelsolin and of Ca-bound human G1-G3 in a complex with actin. These structures closely resemble(More)
Ras proteins operate predominantly from the plasma membrane; however, they have also been localized to most intracellular compartments. Various functions and signaling outputs have been ascribed to endomembranous Ras although systematic comparison and measurement of potential outputs have not yet been carried out. We describe the methodology for isolating(More)
Due to the emergence of resistance toward current antibiotics, there is a pressing need to develop the next generation of antibiotics as therapeutics against infectious and opportunistic diseases of microbial origins. The shikimate pathway is exclusive to microbes, plants and fungi, and hence is an attractive and logical target for development of(More)
When expressed by pathogenic bacteria, Zn2+-beta-lactamases induce resistance to most beta-lactam antibiotics. A possible strategy to fight these bacteria would be a combined therapy with non-toxic inhibitors of Zn2+-beta-lactamases together with standard antibiotics. For this purpose, it is important to verify that the inhibitor is effective under all(More)
Transfection of Plasmodium falciparum is instrumental in the research on this parasite. However, the actual transfection protocol has not changed significantly since the first description and it is generally believed that large amounts of highly pure plasmid DNA are needed for successful transfection. Here, we report the transfection of P. falciparum using(More)
Ras proteins are membrane bound signalling hubs that operate from both the cell surface and endomembrane compartments. However, the extent to which intracellular pools of Ras can contribute to cell signalling is debated. To address this, we have performed a global screen of compartmentalised Ras signalling. We find that whilst ER/Golgi- and endosomal-Ras(More)
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