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Cretaceous origin and repeated tertiary diversification of the redefined butterflies
TLDR
The results suggest that the butterflies, as traditionally understood, are paraphyletic, with Papilionidae being the sister-group to Hesperioidea, Hedyloidea and all other butterflies, and the families in the current three superfamilies should be placed in a single superfamily PapilionoideA.
Morphology reinforces proposed molecular phylogenetic affinities: a revised classification for Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera)
TLDR
The interrelationships within the superfamily Gelechioidea are examined using the densest taxon sampling to date, combined with the most extensive ever morphological and molecular character data, and a revision of the family classification is proposed.
Elusive ditrysian phylogeny: an account of combining systematized morphology with molecular data (Lepidoptera)
TLDR
The large morphological dataset provides information on the diversity and distribution of morphological traits in Ditrysia, and can be used in future research on the evolution of these traits, in identification keys and in identification of fossil Lepidoptera.
Priors and Posteriors in Bayesian Timing of Divergence Analyses: The Age of Butterflies Revisited
TLDR
A time-calibrated genus-level phylogeny of butterflies (Papilionoidea), including 994 taxa, up to 10 gene fragments and an unprecedented set of 12 fossils and 10 host-plant node calibration points is generated, providing a comprehensive source of secondary calibrations for studies on butterflies.
Butterfly morphology in a molecular age -- does it still matter in butterfly systematics?
TLDR
In all of the examined cases the synergistic effect of combining elaborate morphological datasets with ditto molecular clearly outweigh the merits of either data type analysed on its own (even for 'genome size' molecular datasets).
Genetic analysis reveals Finnish Formica fennica populations do not form a separate genetic entity from F. exsecta
TLDR
Both nuclear and mitochondrial markers fail to separate the species pair F. exsecta/fennica despite established morphological differences, and Finnish F. fennica populations studied so far should not be considered a separate species, but merely a morph of F.exsecta.
Phylogeny and feeding trait evolution of the mega‐diverse Gelechioidea (Lepidoptera: Obtectomera): new insight from 19 nuclear genes
TLDR
An independent estimate of among‐family relationships of Gelechioidea is provided, showing that gelechioids have a higher total number and percentage of species that are saprophagous as larvae than any other apoditrysian superfamily and that sapropedagy is concentrated primarily in the ‘AXLO clade’.
Reassessment of the enigmatic Lepidopteran family Lypusidae (Lepidoptera: Tineoidea; Gelechioidea)
TLDR
On the basis of the results of a parsimony analysis, Lypusa is transferred to the superfamily Gelechioidea, in a monophyletic, exclusively Palaearctic assemblage with the genera Amphisbatis and Pseudatemelia.
A molecular phylogeny of Cochylina, with confirmation of its relationship to Euliina (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
TLDR
The results confirm the hypothesis that Cochylina is a monophyletic group embedded within a paraphyletic Euliina, and provide morphological characters that support the molecular data.
The Trials and Tribulations of Priors and Posteriors in Bayesian Timing of Divergence Analyses: the Age of Butterflies Revisited
TLDR
A time-calibrated genus-level phylogeny of butterflies (Papilionoidea), including 994 taxa, up to 10 gene fragments and an unprecedented set of 12 fossils and 10 host-plant node calibration points is generated, providing a comprehensive source of secondary calibrations for studies on butterflies.
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