Maria Hadjiconstantinou

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We present evidence that intermittent administration of nicotine, 2 mg/kg s.c., four times daily to mice for 14 days produces a somatic abstinence syndrome after discontinuing treatment. The nicotine abstinence was mild and protracted, lasting more than 92 h. The constellation of abstinence signs was characterized by rearing, jumping, shakes, abdominal(More)
Incubation with either of the protein kinase C activators phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and sn-1,2 dioctanoylglycerol (DiC8) decreased the uptake of dopamine into striatal synaptosomes, whereas the inactive phorbol ester 4 alpha-PMA had no effect. Washout of PMA and DiC8 failed to reverse the decrease in uptake. Kinetic analysis showed a decrease in(More)
The concentrations of dopamine (DA) and of the excitatory amino acids (EAAs) glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp) were measured in dialysates from the striatum of awake rats in order to study the link between the release of DA and of EAAs induced by the infusion of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+). DA and EAAs were detected simultaneously by HPLC-EC.(More)
In mice administered chronic stress--repeated overnight restraint stress for 7 days--there was a prolonged enhancement of dopamine (DA) uptake into synaptosomes. The mRNA for the DA transporter (DAT) was found to be concomitantly increased in the midbrain, as was the binding of the transporter ligand mazindol to DAT in the nucleus accumbens and(More)
There is now substantial evidence that GM1 ganglioside is effective in partially correcting the consequences of neuroinjury in a number of in vivo and in vitro model systems. Although the molecular mechanism(s) and the substrates for the neurotrophic activity of the gangliosides are not fully understood, the published experimental work suggests that GM1 has(More)
We investigated the ability of GM1 to induce phosphorylation of the tyrosine kinase receptor for neurotrophins, Trk, in rat brain, and activation of possible down-stream signaling cascades. GM1 increased phosphorylated Trk (pTrk) in slices of striatum, hippocampus and frontal cortex in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, and enhanced the activity of(More)
Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) activity is enhanced in the striatum of control and MPTP-treated mice after administration of a single dose of the dopamine receptor antagonists haloperidol, sulpiride, and SCH 23390. MPTP-treated mice appear more sensitive to the antagonists, i.e., respond earlier and to lower doses of antagonists than control(More)
The serotonin (5-HT) content of rat spinal cord was studied following complete cord transection, transverse hemisection and rhizotomy by high pressure liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC) chromatography and immunohistochemically with rabbit anti-5-HT antiserum. Spinal cord 5-HT decreased but did not disappear after complete cord(More)
Evidence indicates that the actions of nerve growth factor (NGF) reach beyond the nervous system and might modulate immune function. Based on reports that blood NGF rises following the acute stress of parachute jumping, we investigated whether exposure to a chronic stressor, caregiving for a cognitively impaired spouse, could alter the levels of blood NGF.(More)