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The fetal and even the young brain possesses a considerable degree of plasticity. The plasticity and rate of neurogenesis in the adult brain is much less pronounced. The present study was conducted to investigate whether housing conditions affect neurogenesis, learning, and memory in adult rats. Three-month-old rats housed either in isolation or in an(More)
In maritime surveillance, supporting operatorspsila situation awareness is a very important issue for enabling the possibility to detect anomalous behaviour. We present a user study which conceptualises knowledge to be implemented in a rule-based application aiming at supporting situation awareness. Participatory observations were used as a method for(More)
Astroglia have the capacity to monitor extracellular glutamate (Glu) and maintain it at low levels, metabolize Glu, or release it back into the extracellular space. Glu can induce an increase in astroglial cell volume with a resulting decrease of the extracellular space, and thereby alter the concentration of extracellular substances. Many lines of evidence(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). It is associated with local activation of microglia and astroglia, infiltration of activated macrophages and T cells, active degradation of myelin and damage to axons and neurons. The proposed role for CX3CL1 (fractalkine) in the control of microglia activation(More)
BACKGROUND The progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with an increase of phosphorylated tau in the brain. One of the earliest phosphorylated sites on tau is Ser262 that is preferentially phosphorylated by microtubule affinity regulating kinase (MARK), of which four isoforms exist. Herein we investigated the expression of MARK1-4 in the(More)
Tamoxifen is a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator that is clinically used as an antagonist to treat estrogen-dependent breast cancers but displays unwanted agonistic effects in other tissues. Previous studies on ERalpha have delineated a role of the N-terminal activation function AF-1 in mediating the agonistic effects of tamoxifen, while the(More)
BACKGROUND Patient-reported assessments of freezing of gait (FOG) in Parkinson's disease (PD), such as the FOG questionnaire (FOGQ), are needed because FOG is difficult to assess objectively. However, the measurement properties of the FOGQ have been sparsely assessed. AIM To assess the measurement properties of the Swedish FOGQ, and to explore(More)
Amyloidogenic proteins like cystatin C and prion proteins have been shown to form dimers by exchange of subdomains of the monomeric proteins. This process, called "three-dimensional domain swapping," has also been suggested to play a part in the generation of amyloid fibrils. One variant of cystatin C, L68Q cystatin C, is highly amyloidogenic, and persons(More)
An anabolic effect on bone of intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment has been found in patients with osteoporosis and also in experimental animals. Controversies exist, however, about whether the positive effect on the trabecular bone balance occurs at the expense of the cortical bone. We examined the biomechanical quality of cortical bone after(More)