Maria Gulinello

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Previous work from this laboratory has demonstrated that withdrawal from the neuroactive steroid 3alpha,5alpha-THP (3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one) after 3-week exposure to its parent compound, progesterone (P), increases anxiety and produces benzodiazepine (BDZ) insensitivity in female rats. These events were linked to upregulation of the alpha4(More)
Astrocytes are coupled via gap junctions (GJs) comprising connexin 43 (Cx43) (Gja1) and Cx30 (Gjb6), which facilitate intercellular exchange of ions. Astrocyte connexins also form heterotypic GJs with oligodendrocytic somata and lamellae. Loss of oligodendrocyte gap junctions results in oligodendrocyte and myelin pathology. However, whether loss of(More)
Acute exposure to progesterone or its neurosteroid derivative allopregnanolone (3alpha,5alpha-THP) is anxiolytic, consistent with the GABA modulatory effects of 3alpha,5alpha-THP at the GABA(A) receptor. However, continuous exposure to progesterone increases anxiety in association with increased expression of the benzodiazepine-insensitive GABA(A) receptor(More)
The serotonergic system plays an important role in cognitive functions via various 5-HT receptors. Vortioxetine (Lu AA21004) in development as a novel multimodal antidepressant is a 5-HT3, 5-HT7 and 5-HT1D receptor antagonist, a 5-HT1B receptor partial agonist, a 5-HT1A receptor agonist and a 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) inhibitor in vitro. Preclinical studies(More)
Cerebral malaria complicated by cognitive sequelae is a major cause of morbidity in humans infected with Plasmodium falciparum. To model cognitive function after malaria, we created a rodent model of cerebral malaria by infecting C57BL/6 mice with Plasmodium berghei strain ANKA. After 7 days, an object-recognition test of working memory revealed a(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous intracellular parasite which chronically infects 30-50% of the human population. While acquired infection is primarily asymptomatic several studies have suggested that such infections may contribute to neurological and psychiatric symptoms. Previous studies in rodents have demonstrated that T. gondii infection does not just(More)
Mutations in solute carrier family 9 isoform 6 on chromosome Xq26.3 encoding sodium-hydrogen exchanger 6, a protein mainly expressed in early and recycling endosomes are known to cause a complex and slowly progressive degenerative human neurological disease. Three resulting phenotypes have so far been reported: an X-linked Angelman syndrome-like condition,(More)
 A model of the CA3 region of the hippocampus was used to simulate the P50 auditory-evoked potential response to repeated stimuli in order to study the neuronal circuits involved in a sensory-processing deficit associated with schizophrenia. Normal subjects have a reduced P50 auditory-evoked potential amplitude in response to the second of two paired(More)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is characterized by depression, anxiety and other affective symptoms which recur in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Evidence from animal models of depression and anxiety indicate the importance of neuroactive steroid hormones and the GABAA receptor in the etiology and potential treatment of mood disorders.(More)
Hippocampal alpha4betadelta GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)-R) are increased following progesterone withdrawal (PWD) in a rodent model of premenstrual anxiety. This alpha4betadelta receptor isoform uniquely responds to the GABA agonist gaboxadol (THIP) with a maximum current greater than that gated by GABA, and is potentiated more by pentobarbital than are other(More)