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BACKGROUND Histamine is an important mediator of allergic reactions, and recent studies indicated that the function of different types of antigen presenting cells (APC) can be modulated by histamine, in particular via the newly described histamine H(4) receptor (H(4)R). Therefore, we investigated possible interactions of histamine via the H(4)R on(More)
Histamine has long been recognised as a classical inducer of pruritus. However, the specific mechanism of histamine-induced itch has still not been fully understood. The H1 and H4 receptor appear to be key components in the induction of itch. The specific role of the H3 receptor in histamine-induced itch remains unclear. The aim of our study was to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Since the identification of the histamine H₄ receptor, several ligands activating this receptor have been described and more compounds are in development. These ligands are well characterized in pharmacological assays, including radioligand competition binding studies, GTPγS and GTPase assays. In most cases, these experiments are(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in keratinocyte differentiation and skin barrier are important features of inflammatory skin diseases like atopic dermatitis. Mast cells and their main mediator histamine are abundant in inflamed skin and thus may contribute to disease pathogenesis. METHODS Human primary keratinocytes were cultured under differentiation-promoting(More)
Histamine is a potent mediator in allergic inflammation with immunomodulatory properties. Since histamine was described to inhibit IL-12 production in human APCs, we hypothesized that also the expression of IL-27, a newly described member of the IL-12 family, which is present in inflammatory skin lesions, is modulated by histamine. Stimulation of human(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal hyperproliferation resulting in acanthosis is an important clinical observation in patients with atopic dermatitis, and its underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. OBJECTIVE Because increased levels of histamine are present in lesional skin, we investigated the effect of histamine, especially with regard to histamine 4(More)
Non-healing skin ulcers are often resistant to most common therapies. Treatment with growth factors has been demonstrated to improve closure of chronic wounds. Here we investigate whether lyophilized culture supernatant of freshly isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) is able to enhance wound healing. PBMC from healthy human individuals were(More)
Skin inflammation and the migration of cells at the site of the immune response play an important role in allergic skin diseases. It has already been described that matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) influences tissue remodeling and facilitates cell migration by proteolytic degradation of basal membrane components. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
Systemic antagonists of the histamine type 1 and 2 receptors (H1/2r) are widely used as anti-pruritics and central sedatives, but demonstrate only modest anti-inflammatory activity. Because many inflammatory dermatoses result from defects in cutaneous barrier function, and because keratinocytes express both Hr1 and Hr2, we hypothesized that H1/2r(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), an important part of the innate immune system, are crucial for defense against invading microorganisms. Whereas AMPs have been extensively studied in adult skin, little is known about the impact of AMPs in the developing human skin. We therefore compared the expression and regulation of AMPs in fetal, neonatal, and adult(More)