Maria Gschwandtner

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BACKGROUND Histamine is an important mediator of allergic reactions, and recent studies indicated that the function of different types of antigen presenting cells (APC) can be modulated by histamine, in particular via the newly described histamine H(4) receptor (H(4)R). Therefore, we investigated possible interactions of histamine via the H(4)R on(More)
Histamine has long been recognised as a classical inducer of pruritus. However, the specific mechanism of histamine-induced itch has still not been fully understood. The H1 and H4 receptor appear to be key components in the induction of itch. The specific role of the H3 receptor in histamine-induced itch remains unclear. The aim of our study was to(More)
Chronic inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD) are clinically characterized by erythematous and pruritic skin lesions, immunologically mediated by an inflammatory infiltrate consisting of T-cells, antigen presenting cells (APC) and eosinophilic granulocytes. Histamine levels are increased in lesions of inflammatory skin diseases. It is(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in keratinocyte differentiation and skin barrier are important features of inflammatory skin diseases like atopic dermatitis. Mast cells and their main mediator histamine are abundant in inflamed skin and thus may contribute to disease pathogenesis. METHODS Human primary keratinocytes were cultured under differentiation-promoting(More)
Skin inflammation and the migration of cells at the site of the immune response play an important role in allergic skin diseases. It has already been described that matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) influences tissue remodeling and facilitates cell migration by proteolytic degradation of basal membrane components. The aim of this study was to investigate(More)
The histamine H4 receptor is functionally expressed on CD4(+) T cells and in particular on human CD4(+) Th2-polarized T cells. Interleukin (IL)-17-producing T cells (Th17 cells) represent a newly defined major CD4(+) T-cell subset, having been identified in psoriatic plaques and in acute skin lesions of atopic dermatitis where histamine is also present in(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal hyperproliferation resulting in acanthosis is an important clinical observation in patients with atopic dermatitis, and its underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. OBJECTIVE Because increased levels of histamine are present in lesional skin, we investigated the effect of histamine, especially with regard to histamine 4(More)
Histamine is a potent mediator in allergic inflammation with immunomodulatory properties. Since histamine was described to inhibit IL-12 production in human APCs, we hypothesized that also the expression of IL-27, a newly described member of the IL-12 family, which is present in inflammatory skin lesions, is modulated by histamine. Stimulation of human(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Since the identification of the histamine H₄ receptor, several ligands activating this receptor have been described and more compounds are in development. These ligands are well characterized in pharmacological assays, including radioligand competition binding studies, GTPγS and GTPase assays. In most cases, these experiments are(More)
BACKGROUND Histamine influences T-cell reactions via histamine receptors 1 and 2. The histamine receptor 4 (H(4)R) is the most recently identified histamine receptor and is also expressed on human CD4(+) T cells; however, its regulation and function are unclear. OBJECTIVE To investigate expression, regulation, and function of the H(4)R on human CD4(+) T(More)