Maria Grazia Spiga

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With the aim of developing novel inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus, various derivatives (10-17) related to 5H-pyrrolo[1,2-b] [1,2,5]benzothiadiazepine (PBTD) were prepared and tested in vitro. The title tricyclic derivatives were obtained by intramolecular cyclization of the open-chain intermediate arylpyrrylsulfones, followed by N-alkylation at(More)
The present study examines genetic mechanism(s) possibly involved in the observed 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT)-induced inhibition of globin gene transcription by evaluating the direct phenotypic erythroid effects of AZT on erythroid-specific transcription factors which regulate globin gene promoters. In vitro binding of GATA-1 or NFE-2 to its consensus(More)
Bnip3 is a hypoxia-regulated member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins that is implicated in apoptosis, programmed necrosis, autophagy and mitophagy. Mitochondria are thought to be the primary targets of Bnip3 although its activities may extend to the ER, cytoplasm, and nucleus. Bnip3 is induced in the heart by ischemia and pressure-overload, and may(More)
Current treatment of glaucoma relies on administration of daily drops or eye surgery. A gene therapy approach to treat steroid-induced glaucoma would bring a resolution to millions of people worldwide who depend on glucocorticoid therapy for a myriad of inflammatory disorders. Previously, we had characterized a short-term Adh.GRE.MMP1 gene vector for the(More)
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) treatment in HIV-infected patients is limited by bone marrow suppression including neutropenia and anemia. Previous studies had shown a direct effect of high concentrations of this drug on globin gene expression in K-562 erythroleukemia cells. To better define the mechanism(s) of AZT-induced bone marrow toxicity, the present(More)
Some aza and deaza analogues of the anti-HIV agent 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-oxoadenosine (isoddA) (8-aza-, 8-aza-1-deaza, 8-aza-3-deaza-, 1-deaza-, and 3-deaza-isoddA) were synthesized and found inactive against HIV in vitro. The hypothesis that the inactivity of these isonucleosides might be due to their poor affinity for cellular nucleoside kinases was checked by(More)
The synthesis and the in vitro anti-HIV-1 activity of novel pyrrolo annulated benzothiadiazepine acetic acids and some related derivatives are reported. The new compounds share chemical features with pyrrolo[1,2-d][1,4]benzodiazepin-6-one 1 and Ro 5-3335 pyrrylbenzodiazepinone 4, two inhibitors of HIV-replication at the level of reverse transcriptase (RT)(More)
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