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How epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling is linked to EGFR trafficking is largely unknown. Signalling and trafficking involve small GTPases of the Rho and Rab families, respectively. But it remains unknown whether the signalling relying on these two classes of GTPases is integrated, and, if it is, what molecular machinery is involved. Here we(More)
Redundant gene function frequently hampers investigations of the physiological roles of mammalian proteins. This is the case for Eps8, a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) substrate that participates in the activation of the Rac-specific guanine nucleotide-exchange function of Sos1 (refs 2-5), thereby regulating actin remodelling by RTKs. EPS8-knockout mice,(More)
The TOCA family of F-BAR-containing proteins bind to and remodel lipid bilayers via their conserved F-BAR domains, and regulate actin dynamics via their N-Wasp binding SH3 domains. Thus, these proteins are predicted to play a pivotal role in coordinating membrane traffic with actin dynamics during cell migration and tissue morphogenesis. By combining(More)
A number of cytokines and growth factors use the JAK-STAT pathway to signal from the cell membrane to the nucleus. While homodimerizing cytokine receptors may transmit signal via a single form of JAK (i.e. growth hormone receptors), several multicomponent cytokine receptors have been shown to require simultaneous activation of pairs of different JAK kinases(More)
Identification of the signal transduction pathways used by PRL is essential for understanding the role of PRL receptors in growth and differentiation processes. Early cellular mediators of PRL receptor activation include tyrosine kinases of the Janus kinase (JAK) and SRC families, with rapid nuclear signaling via tyrosine phosphorylated signal transducers(More)
The present study of prolactin (PRL) receptor-mediated recruitment of signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) demonstrates that PRL activates STAT3, in addition to STAT1 and STAT5 as previously reported, and that STAT1, STAT3 and STAT5 are mediators of PRL effects in cells whether of lymphoid, myeloid or mammary epithelial origin.(More)
IL-13, a cytokine similar to IL-4, is a regulator of human B cell and monocyte functions. Biologic effects of IL-13 on primary human NK and T cells have not been well defined. We demonstrate that, in primary NK cells, IL-13, but not IL-4, may induce low levels of IFN-gamma secretion. When NK cells were costimulated with IL-13 and IL-2, IL-13 generally(More)
Transcription factors of the Stat gene family are selectively activated by many hormones and cytokines. Stat5 originally was cloned as a prolactin-stimulated DNA-binding protein, but is also activated by non-lactogenic cytokines in many cell types. The recent identification of two distinct Stat5 genes, which encode a 94-kDa Stat5a and a 92-kDa Stat5b as(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for severe, invasive infections in neutropenic hosts. Lung clearance of A. fumigatus conidia seems to be mediated by phagocytic cells and oxygen radicals. It is not known if cytokines or nitrogen radicals are also involved. We tested for the production of TNF alpha, IL-1 and nitric oxide (NO)(More)
Actin capping and cross-linking proteins regulate the dynamics and architectures of different cellular protrusions. Eps8 is the founding member of a unique family of capping proteins capable of side-binding and bundling actin filaments. However, the structural basis through which Eps8 exerts these functions remains elusive. Here, we combined biochemical,(More)