Maria Grazia Giovannini

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The involvement of the forebrain cholinergic system in arousal, learning and memory has been well established. Other neurotransmitters such as GABA and glutamate may be involved in the mechanisms of memory by modulating the forebrain cholinergic pathways. We studied the activity of cortical and hippocampal cholinergic, GABAergic and glutamatergic systems(More)
1. The effects of histamine and agents at histamine receptors on spontaneous and 100 mM K(+)-evoked release of acetylcholine, measured by microdialysis from the cortex of freely moving, rats, and on cognitive tests are described. 2. Local administration of histamine (0.1-100 microM) failed to affect spontaneous but inhibited 100 mM K(+)-stimulated release(More)
Measuring the changes in neurotransmitter extracellular levels in discrete brain areas is considered a tool for identifying the neuronal systems involved in specific behavioral responses or cognitive processes. Acetylcholine (ACh) is the first neurotransmitter whose diffusion from the central nervous system was investigated and whose extracellular levels(More)
The microdialysis technique with one or two probes was used to investigate the modulation of cortically projecting cholinergic neurons by glutamatergic input in the rat in vivo. Male albino Wistar rats (250-300 g) were used. Under chloral hydrate anaesthesia microdialysis membranes were positioned in the parietal cortex, nucleus basalis magnocellularis(More)
The effects of neurotensin (NT) on the release of acetylcholine (ACh), aspartate (Asp), glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from the hippocampus of freely moving rats were studied by transversal microdialysis. ACh was detected by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with electrochemical detection while GABA, glutamate and aspartate(More)
The modulation of the septohippocampal cholinergic pathway by glutamatergic or GABAergic inputs was studied by monitoring the outflow of ACh collected via a transversal microdialysis probe implanted into the hippocampus and other brain areas of freely moving rats. In one set of experiments a transversal microdialysis membrane was inserted in the dorsal(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of adenosine A(2A) receptors in the CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices during oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), a model of cerebral ischaemia, was investigated. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH We made extracellular recordings of CA1 field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fepsps) followed by histochemical and(More)
To explore pregnant women's use, attitudes, knowledge and beliefs of complementary and alternative drugs (CADs) defined as products manufactured from herbs or with a natural origin. A preliminary survey was conducted among 172 pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy, consecutively recruited in two obstetrical settings; 15 women were randomly(More)
It has been demonstrated that the forebrain cholinergic system and the extracellular regulated kinase signal transduction pathway are involved in the mechanisms of learning, encoding, and storage of information. We investigated the involvement of the cholinergic and glutamatergic systems projecting to the medial prefrontal cortex and ventral hippocampus and(More)
Cortical perfusion with GABA agonists and antagonists modulates the spontaneous release of cortical acetylcholine and GABA in freely moving rats. Twenty-four hours after implantation of a dialysis fibre, cerebral cortex spontaneously released acetylcholine (3.8 +/- 0.2 pmol/10 min) and GABA (6.6 +/- 0.4 pmol/10 min) at a stable rate. Local administration of(More)