Learn More
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reports that as of October 2010, 79% of all cocaine seized in the United States contained levamisole. The equine conversion of levamisole to aminorex has been demonstrated. However, the metabolic fate of levamisole in humans is unknown. Nevertheless, as aminorex is amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic, it may be used(More)
We evaluated performances of the molecular test SeptiFast (SF) for the detection of agents of bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients with suspected sepsis, the majority of them under antibiotic treatment and at high prevalence of HIV-1 infection (10.5%). Matched SF and blood culture (BC) samples (n=1186) from 1024 patients were studied. Two hundred(More)
BACKGROUND EBV-related post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases are usually accompanied by increased EBV DNA in peripheral blood. Monitoring EBV DNAemia is the basis for weighing decisions regarding initiation of pre-emptive or anti-EBV-related tumor therapy. However, the definition of clinically relevant cut-off values is hampered by the lack of(More)
The human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most important cause of admission to hospital for acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children worldwide. Only few studies have investigated the molecular evolution of HRSV, and none has been conduct ed in Italy. The genetic diversity of the G glycoprotein of 59 subgroup A strains(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HIV-1 very low-level viremia (<50 copies/ml) on the 2-year risk of virological failure. A retrospective analysis including HIV-positive patients presenting two consecutive HIV RNA below 50 copies/ml (outpatient clinic in Italy, first semester of 2010) was performed. HIV RNA was measured through real time(More)
The virological response (VR) to a tipranavir-ritonavir (TPV-RTV)-based regimen had been shown to be associated with a number of mutations in the protease gene, the use of enfuvirtide (T20), and the TPV phenotypic inhibitory quotient (IQ). The role of the TPV genotypic IQ (gIQ) has not yet been fully investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses (EVs) are common human viral pathogens, causing a variety of diseases, including aseptic meningitis. Recently, EV aseptic meningitis outbreaks have been reported across Europe, but, in Italy, knowledge of recent EV molecular epidemiology is very limited. OBJECTIVES We report an outbreak of EV aseptic meningitis in 10 adults in(More)