Maria Grazia Cascio

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Acquisition and storage of aversive memories is one of the basic principles of central nervous systems throughout the animal kingdom. In the absence of reinforcement, the resulting behavioural response will gradually diminish to be finally extinct. Despite the importance of extinction, its cellular mechanisms are largely unknown. The cannabinoid receptor 1(More)
Abnormally high spiking activity can damage neurons. Signaling systems to protect neurons from the consequences of abnormal discharge activity have been postulated. We generated conditional mutant mice that lack expression of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 in principal forebrain neurons but not in adjacent inhibitory interneurons. In mutant mice,the(More)
Despite recent data suggesting that the endocannabinoid transmission is a component of the brain reward system and plays a role in dependence/withdrawal to different habit-forming drugs, only a few studies have examined changes in endocannabinoid ligands and/or receptors in brain regions related to reinforcement processes after a chronic exposure to these(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The endocannabinoids anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) inhibit cancer cell proliferation by acting at cannabinoid receptors (CBRs). We studied (1). the levels of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors, and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH, which catalyzes endocannabinoid hydrolysis) in colorectal carcinomas(More)
After the discovery, in the early 1990s, of specific G-protein-coupled receptors for marijuana's psychoactive principle Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, the cannabinoid receptors, and of their endogenous agonists, the endocannabinoids, a decade of investigations has greatly enlarged our understanding of this altogether new signalling system. Yet, while the(More)
The omega-3 fatty acid ethanolamides, docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide (DHEA) and eicosapentaenoyl ethanolamide (EPEA), displayed greater anti-proliferative potency than their parent omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), in LNCaP and PC3 prostate cancer cells. DHEA and EPEA activated cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2)(More)
The opioid and cannabinoid systems co-operate to regulate physiological processes such as nociception and reward. The endocannabinoid system may be a component of the brain reward circuitry and thus play a role not only in cannabinoid tolerance/dependence, but also in dependence/withdrawal for other misused drugs. We provide evidence of a cannabinoid(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Activation of enteric cannabinoid CB1 receptors inhibits motility in the small intestine; however, it is not known whether endogenous cannabinoids (anandamide and 2-arachidonylglycerol) play a physiologic role in regulating intestinal motility. In the present study, we investigated the possible involvement of endocannabinoids in regulating(More)
Enzymes for the biosynthesis and degradation of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) have been cloned and are the sn-1-selective-diacylglycerol lipases alpha and beta (DAGLalpha and beta) and the monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), respectively. Here, we used membranes from COS cells over-expressing recombinant human DAGLalpha to screen new(More)
We have synthesized a series of 18 1,5- and 2,5-disubstituted carbamoyl tetrazoles, including LY2183240 (1) and LY2318912 (7), two compounds previously described as potent inhibitors of the cellular uptake of the endocannabinoid anandamide, and their regioisomers 2 and 8. We confirm that compound 1 is a potent inhibitor of both the cellular uptake and, like(More)