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Reperfusion therapy is the indispensable treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and must be applied as soon as possible to attenuate the ischemic insult. However, reperfusion is responsible for additional myocardial damage likely involving opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). A great part of reperfusion injury occurs(More)
Post-ischemic reperfusion may result in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO•), Ca(2+)overload, prolonged opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and other processes contributing to cell death, myocardial infarction, stunning, and arrhythmias. With the discovery of the preconditioning and(More)
BACKGROUND Acidic perfusion (AP) performed at the onset of reperfusion (i.e., acid postconditioning) is cardioprotective. We investigated the effect of AP on postischemic cardiac function and on the activity of endogenous superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase. The role of exogenous CAT or SOD on AP cardioprotection was also(More)
Reperfusion therapy must be applied as soon as possible to attenuate the ischemic insult of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However reperfusion is responsible for additional myocardial damage, which likely involves opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). In reperfusion injury, mitochondrial damage is a determining factor in(More)
Coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western countries. Acute myocardial infarction is a serious and often lethal consequence of coronary artery disease, resulting in contractile dysfunction and cell death. It is well known that unbalanced and high steady state levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS)(More)
Whether cardioprotection by postconditioning (PostC) is gender dependent is not clear. We studied the effect of PostC in terms of both infarct size (IS) and post-ischemic systolic dysfunction (PSD) reduction. Isolated male and female rat hearts were subjected to 10- or 30-min of global ischemia and 120-min of reperfusion, with or without PostC (i.e., 5(More)
Melusin is a muscle-specific protein which interacts with β1 integrin cytoplasmic domain and acts as chaperone protein. Its overexpression induces improved resistance to cardiac overload delaying left ventricle dilation and reducing the occurrence of heart failure. Here, we investigated possible protective effect of melusin overexpression against acute(More)
We previously showed that xanthine oxidase activity increases in type I diabetic animals and that this is a significant cause of the oxidative stress which occurs in the disease. The aim of this work was to search for molecular links between xanthine oxidase-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in Type I diabetes and to assess the ability of(More)
The Id (inhibitor of DNA binding or inhibitor of differentiation) helix-loop-helix proteins are involved in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation and cancer. The fact that the molecular mechanisms of liver regeneration are not completely understood prompted us to study the fate of Id2 in proliferating liver. Id2 increases in liver regeneration(More)
Resistance of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in post-ischemic heart is limited by their poor vitality. Vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-A (VEGF-A) as such or slowly released by fibronectin-coated pharmacologically-active-microcarriers (FN-PAM-VEGF) could differently affect survival kinases and anti-apoptotic mediator (e.g. Bcl-2). Therefore(More)