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Mast cells are involved in allergic reactions, but may also participate in neurogenic inflammation. The morphology of mast cells in rat dura mater and tongue was evaluated by histochemistry, as well as by scanning and transmission electron microscopy following unilateral trigeminal ganglion stimulation (5 min, 5 Hz, 5 ms, and 0.02, 0.1 or 1.0 mA). Mast(More)
Basilar migraine (BM), familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), and sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) are phenotypically similar subtypes of migraine with aura, differentiated only by motor symptoms, which are absent in BM. Mutations in CACNA1A and ATP1A2 have been found in FHM. The authors detected a novel mutation in the ATP1A2 gene (R548H) in members of a(More)
Vasoactive neuropeptides, present in unmyelinated C-fibers, can be released from perivascular sensory axons by antidromic stimulation, to mediate vasodilation and extravasation of plasma protein (neurogenic inflammation). In this report, the effects of antidromic trigeminal stimulation on levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in plasma were(More)
Migraine is a complex patholophysiology in which both central and peripheral components of the trigeminal pain pathway probably play a significant role, both in the symptoms and signs of the attack and in the mechanisms of action of antimigraine compounds, such as triptans, which constitute the most important therapy for aborting migraine pain and possess(More)
The aim of this study was to review the usefulness of clinical and instrumental evaluation in individuals with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Thirteen subjects with severe acquired brain injury (ABI) and a diagnosis of DOC were evaluated using the Coma Recovery Scale in its revised version (CRS-R) and a new global disability index, the Post-Coma Scale(More)
Migraine is a common disorder with a significant genetic component. Mutations in the CACNA1A gene are found in hemiplegic migraine (HM). Basilar-type (BM), another subtype of migraine with aura, differs from HM only by the absence of motor deficits. BM and HM may thus share common genetic features. In the present study, two single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
We describe the case of a patient with symptomatic strictly unilateral paroxysmal headache mimicking cluster headache related to an ipsilateral forehead lipoma. Interestingly, immediately after the surgical excision of the lipoma pain attacks disappeared with no recurrence during a follow-up period of 18 months. Like other descriptions of cluster-like(More)
In normal subjects or migraine patients, nitrates induce a non-specific early headache caused by vasodilation of intracranial arteries. In migraineurs a delayed headache response to nitrates may have a typical clinical profile of a spontaneous migraine attack. The cerebral vasomotor changes of this delayed response require further study. Isosorbide(More)
The electrically elicited corneal reflex is a useful tool for exploring the trigeminal system in humans and it may provide additional evidence pointing to a dysfunction of this system in migrainous patients. Tactile perception, corneal reflex and pain thresholds were studied in 48 migraine without aura patients during pain-free periods and compared with(More)
We investigated the effects of unilateral electrical trigeminal ganglion stimulation (0.1 or 1.0 mA, 5 Hz, 5 ms, 5 min) on the morphology of blood vessels within the rat dura mater and tongue using light and transmission electron microscopy. Stimulation at both intensities caused changes which were confined to the ipsilateral post-capillary venules except(More)