Maria Gabriella Buzzi

Learn More
Mast cells are involved in allergic reactions, but may also participate in neurogenic inflammation. The morphology of mast cells in rat dura mater and tongue was evaluated by histochemistry, as well as by scanning and transmission electron microscopy following unilateral trigeminal ganglion stimulation (5 min, 5 Hz, 5 ms, and 0.02, 0.1 or 1.0 mA). Mast(More)
Vasoactive neuropeptides, present in unmyelinated C-fibers, can be released from perivascular sensory axons by antidromic stimulation, to mediate vasodilation and extravasation of plasma protein (neurogenic inflammation). In this report, the effects of antidromic trigeminal stimulation on levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in plasma were(More)
We investigated the effects of unilateral electrical trigeminal ganglion stimulation (0.1 or 1.0 mA, 5 Hz, 5 ms, 5 min) on the morphology of blood vessels within the rat dura mater and tongue using light and transmission electron microscopy. Stimulation at both intensities caused changes which were confined to the ipsilateral post-capillary venules except(More)
We investigated the effects of apomorphine administration at two different doses (2-10 micrograms/kg, s.c.) in 35 migraineurs in headache-free period and in 20 age-matched healthy control subjects, with and without pretreatment with domperidone. Neither patients or controls complained of headache at either dose, whereas at the dose of 10 micrograms/kg(More)
Migraine is a common disorder with a significant genetic component. Mutations in the CACNA1A gene are found in hemiplegic migraine (HM). Basilar-type (BM), another subtype of migraine with aura, differs from HM only by the absence of motor deficits. BM and HM may thus share common genetic features. In the present study, two single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
Activation of peripheral trigeminal fibers induces neurogenic inflammation in rat dura mater, as well as vascular and mat cell changes. These changes parallel an increase of vasodilating and permeability promoting peptides in venous effluent of the cephalic circulation. The experimental model of electrical trigeminal ganglion stimulation or systemic(More)
The International Classification of Headache Disorders does not separate the moderate from severe/very severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), since they are all defined by Glasgow coma scale (GCS) < 13. The distinction between the severe and very severe TBI (GCS < 8) should be made upon coma duration that in the latter may be longer than 15 days up to months(More)
Despite intensive neurophysiological research, evidence is lacking to show whether abnormal cortical excitability in migraine reflects a primary cortical disturbance or reduced control by thalamo-cortical loops. One way to contribute to the scientific discussion on this topic is to deliver transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and test the cortical silent(More)
The results of a double-blind cross-over clinical trial involving 27 patients with classical or common migraine are described to compare the prophylactic effect of the calcium entry blocker flunarizine with that of pizotifen. Duration of the treatment was two months, with an evening single-dose administration of both drugs. For most parameters, there was no(More)
Basilar migraine (BM), familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), and sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) are phenotypically similar subtypes of migraine with aura, differentiated only by motor symptoms, which are absent in BM. Mutations in CACNA1A and ATP1A2 have been found in FHM. The authors detected a novel mutation in the ATP1A2 gene (R548H) in members of a(More)