Maria G. Sabini

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Due to their ballistic precision, apoptosis induction by protons could be a strategy to specifically eliminate neoplastic cells. To characterize the cellular and molecular effects of these hadrons, we performed dose-response and time-course experiments by exposing different cell lines (PC3, Ca301D, MCF7) to increasing doses of protons and examining them(More)
BACKGROUND In this paper the clinical value of PET for early prediction of tumor response to erlotinib in patients with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after failure of at least one prior chemotherapy regimen is evaluated. The aim was to compare the early metabolic treatment response using European Organization for Research and(More)
In this work some dosimetric characteristics of MD-55-2 GafChromic films were studied in a low energy proton beam (21.5 MeV) directly in a water phantom. The nonlinearity of the optical density was quantified by a factor P(lin). A correction factor P(en), that accounts for optical density dependence on the energy, was empirically determined. The effects of(More)
Target volume delineation of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) images in radiation treatment planning is challenging because of the low spatial resolution and high noise level in PET data. The aim of this work is the development of an accurate and fast method for semi-automatic segmentation of metabolic regions on PET images. For this purpose, an algorithm(More)
The aim was to evaluate the effect of modelled microgravity on radiation-induced chromosome aberrations (CAs). G0 peripheral blood lymphocytes were exposed to 60 MeV protons or 250 kVp X-rays in the dose range 0-6 Gy, and allowed to repair DNA damage for 24 h under either normal gravity or microgravity modelled by the NASA-designed rotating-wall bioreactor.(More)
The aim of this work is the in vitro study of the late effects of single proton irradiation on HTB63 human melanoma cell growth, cell cycle and cell death. The experimental conditions were focused on analyzing the effects of irradiation on the periphery of tumour that can be, in clinical practice, close to critical organs. Confluent cell monolayers were(More)
BACKGROUND The first Italian proton therapy facility was realized in Catania, at the INFN-LNS. With its energy (62 MeV proton beam), it is ideal for the treatment of shallow tumors like those of the ocular region: uveal melanoma, first of all (the most common primary intraocular malignancy of adults) and other less frequent lesions like choroidal(More)
Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) device structures can be used to measure ionizing radiation through the mechanism of hole trapping in the oxide layer leading to changing of electrical characteristic of the device. They are a new type of direct reading semiconductor dosimeters. Due to their extremely small physical size, ability to permanently store the(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate the use of TLD-100 detectors in the field of relative dosimetry in proton eye facilities. These dosemeters, of different sizes, were used to measure transverse and longitudinal distributions of 62 MeV unmodulated proton beams at INFN-LNS in Catania. Comparison with other detectors, such as ionisation chambers, GAF and(More)
The present work reports preliminary measurements on the behaviour of a new p-type stereotactic silicon diode. Hi-pSi, produced by Scanditronix and dedicated to proton dosimetry. Diode response was investigated in low-energy proton beams (26.7 MeV and 12 MeV nominal energy), mainly with attention to stability, linearity, dose rate and energy dependence of(More)