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Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a tumorigenic human herpesvirus that persists for life in healthy immunocompetent carriers. The viral strategies that prevent its clearance and allow reactivation in the face of persistent immunity are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that EBV infection of monocytes inhibits their development into dendritic cells (DCs),(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of adherent cells to DNA damaging agents, such as the bacterial cytolethal distending toxin (CDT) or ionizing radiations (IR), activates the small GTPase RhoA, which promotes the formation of actin stress fibers and delays cell death. The signalling intermediates that regulate RhoA activation and promote cell survival are unknown. (More)
Manipulation of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is emerging as a common theme in viral pathogenesis. Some viruses have been shown to encode functional homologs of UPS enzymes, suggesting that a systematic identification of these products may provide new insights into virus-host cell interactions. Ubiquitin-specific proteases, collectively known as(More)
Tripeptidyl-peptidase II (TPPII) is a serine peptidase highly expressed in malignant Burkitt's lymphoma cells (BL). We have previously shown that overexpression of TPPII correlates with chromosomal instability, centrosomal and mitotic spindle abnormalities and resistance to apoptosis induced by spindle poisons. Furthermore, TPPII knockdown by RNAi was(More)
Loss of neurons in neurodegenerative diseases is usually preceded by the accumulation of protein deposits that contain components of the ubiquitin/proteasome system. Affected neurons in Alzheimer's disease often accumulate UBB(+1), a mutant ubiquitin carrying a 19-amino acid C-terminal extension generated by a transcriptional dinucleotide deletion. Here we(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded nuclear antigen (EBNA1) is expressed in latently EBV-infected B lymphocytes that persist for life in healthy virus carriers, and is the only viral protein regularly detected in all malignancies associated with EBV. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted, EBNA1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)(More)
  • M G Masucci, R Szigeti, +9 authors G Klein
  • 1981
Two patients with Hodgkin's disease in remission and one chronic lymphatic leukemia patient with extraordinarily high anti-Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) (viral capsid antigen) antibody titers (greater than 10,000) were selected to study a spectrum of cell-mediated immune responses, including natural killer, interferon-boosted killer, antibody-dependent(More)
The presence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and impaired ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) activity has been independently implicated in the pathophysiology of conformational diseases. Here, we reveal a link between ER stress and the functionality of the UPS. Treatment of cells with different ER stressors delayed the degradation of an ER reporter(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with a variety of reported effects including inhibition of monocyte major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-dependent antigen presentation, type 1 helper T cell cytokine production, and inhibition of T cell proliferation. Herein we report the effect of IL-10 pretreatment on antigen presentation to tumor- and(More)
We have investigated the reactivity to two human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) A11-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes derived from amino acids 416-424 (IVTDFSVIK, designated IVT) and 399-408 (AVFDRKSVAK, designated AVF) of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen (EBNA) 4. A strong predominance of CTL clones specific for the(More)